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A robust Bell inequality without two-outcome measurements

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We present a novel Bell inequality that does not require dichotomic (two-outcome) measurements. It is based on an inequality originally derived by Wigner in 1969, extending it such that no assumptions other than local-realism, fair-sampling, and freedom-of-choice are necessary. It is most useful in situations where there is no direct access to true two-outcome (dichotomic) measurements, like photonic quantum experiments where spatial degrees-of-freedoms are often analyzed with spatial light modulators (SLMs), as well as many other experimental scenarios. The only other class of inequalities (CH-type) that has this feature requires coincidence and single count-rates to be of the same order of magnitude for violation, ours does not. It thereby enables the stringent verification of entanglement and rejection of local-realism, without any assumptions about the underlying Hilbert-space, such as dimensionality – in the most dificult experimental conditions. We also experimentally violate this inequality in a novel setup: entangled states of very high orbital angular momentum. This constitutes a rejection of the hypothesis of local realism (under reasonable assumptions) with the highest quanta to date.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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