Expand this Topic clickable element to expand a topic
Skip to content
Optica Publishing Group
  • Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics
  • OSA Technical Digest (Optica Publishing Group, 1996),
  • paper CThJ2

New realization method of three-dimensional photonic crystal in optical wavelength region

Not Accessible

Your library or personal account may give you access


Photonic crystal is a new class of material in which a refractive index is periodically changed.1 A photonic band gap is formed in the crystal, and the propagation of electromagnetic waves is forbidden for all wave vectors, which gives potential scientific applications such as zero-threshold semiconductor lasers, the absence of spontaneous emission, and single-mode light-emitting diode. In spite of such promising applications, the three-dimensional (3-D) photonic crystal has not been realized yet in optical wavelength region. This is because the shorter the wavelength becomes, the more the process becomes difficult. Thus, the 3-D photonic crystal has been limited to micro- to millimeter-wave regions. In the case of optical wavelength region, a two-dimensional structure has been mainly studied, however, the complete confinement of a light is impossible because a light leaks out to the residual one direction. Therefore, an important issue for the photonic crystal is how to realize the 3-D photonic crystal in optical wavelength region. In this paper, we propose a new method by utilizing a wafer-bonding technique combined with a microfabrication technique.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

PDF Article
More Like This
Semiconductor three-dimensional photonic crystals operating at infrared wavelength region

Susumu Noda and Noritsugu Yamamoto
JFB6 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) 1999

3-D photonic crystals operating at optical wavelengths

C. C. Cheng, A. Scherer, V. Arbet-Engels, and E. Yablonovitch
QTuA6 Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (QELS) 1996

Micromachined Three-Dimensional Photonic Band Gap Crystals

E. Özbay and G. Tuttle
UTUD4 Ultrafast Electronics and Optoelectronics (UEO) 1995


You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an Optica member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
Login to access Optica Member Subscription

Select as filters

Select Topics Cancel
© Copyright 2022 | Optica Publishing Group. All Rights Reserved