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Optica Publishing Group
  • Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics
  • OSA Technical Digest (Optica Publishing Group, 1997),
  • paper CWA6

Indium tin oxide transparent electrodes for vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers fabricated with use of a single lithography step

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Indium tin oxide (ITO) films have gained widespread use in many optoelectronic devices because of their unique ability to simultaneously provide high electrical conductivity and high optical transparency.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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