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Optica Publishing Group
  • CLEO/Europe and EQEC 2009 Conference Digest
  • (Optica Publishing Group, 2009),
  • paper CE4_1

Low-threshold laser in a high-index-contrast double tungstate waveguide

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Abstract

The potassium double tungstates KY(WO4)2, KGd(WO4)2, and KLu(WO4)2 are recognized as excellent host materials for rare-earth-ion-doped lasers, see Ref. [1] and Refs. therein. Especially KY(WO4)2:Yb3+, hereafter abbreviated as KYW:Yb3+, exhibits large absorption and emission cross-sections, a small quantum defect [2], and laser emission with high slope efficiencies. Liquid phase epitaxy (LPE) has been used to grow thin layers of KYW:Yb3+ onto pure K Y W substrates and planar waveguide lasing with slope efficiencies up to 80% has been demonstrated in samples doped with 1.2-2.4% Yb3+ [3]. Recently, similar results have been obtained under diode pumping with a monolithic cavity [4]. The main disadvantage of this approach for fabricating integrated devices is the fact that the choice of rather low Yb3 + concentration is governed by the need to optimize the laser properties, resulting in a low refractive-index contrast between layer and substrate of only a few ×10−4. This inhibits downscaling the waveguide thickness to 1-2 μm.

© 2009 IEEE

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