New photonic properties are produced in materials which are assembled from diverse combinations of metals, semiconductors and dielectrics that are periodically structured on the 100nm-scale, with a wealth of potential applications ranging from communications to bio-sensing. However producing such nanomaterials on the mass-scale is far from trivial as three-dimensional structures are very hard for traditional lithographies and self-assembly has so far been a lab-scale tricky process.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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