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  • 2013 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics - International Quantum Electronics Conference
  • (Optica Publishing Group, 2013),
  • paper IA_6_3

Narrowband source of correlated photon pairs via four-wave mixing in a cold atomic ensemble

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We report on a source of narrowband pairs of time-correlated photons generated via four-wave mixing in a laser-cooled atomic ensemble of 87Rb atoms. We employ a cascade decay level scheme in which two copropagating pump beams of 780 nm and 776 nm excite the atoms to the 5D3/2, F = 3 level and the photon pairs of wavelength 762 nm and 795 nm from the cascade decay are coupled into single mode fibers and sent to silicon avalanche photodetectors. The photodetection events exhibit a strong correlation in time (g(2)(τ = 0) 5800), and a high coupling efficiency, as indicated by a pair-to-single ratio of 23%. An instantaneous pair generation rate of 7700 pairs per second (uncompensated for optical losses and detector efficiency) is observed with an increased 776 nm pump power of 14mW. The violation of the Cauchy-Schwarz inequality by a factor of 8.4 × 106 indicates a strong non-classical correlation between the generated fields, while a Hanbury–Brown–Twiss experiment in the individual photons reveals their thermal nature.

© 2013 IEEE

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