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Experimental investigation of the fiber fuse

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A phenomenon that results in the catastrophic destruction of an optical-fiber core has been observed at propagating powers of the order of 1 W or higher.1 The effect, which is accompanied by a bright white light propagating down the fiber, prompted the term "fiber fuse." The mechanism was originally theorized to be self-propelled self-focusing.1 Other experiments have found evidence for thermal shock waves2 and chemical reactions.3 Because fiber amplifiers and lasers continue to increase in power, further experiments were performed to explore possible power limitations of different fiber types and connections.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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