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Optica Publishing Group
  • Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference
  • OSA Technical Digest (Optica Publishing Group, 1991),
  • paper QWB1

Squeezing of optical solitons

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Optical solitons are pulses that propagate in optical fibers without temporal or spectral distortion, owing to balancing of the second-order dispersion of the refractive index by nonlinear self-phase modulation induced by the intensity-dependent refractive index. Classically, this stationary, distortion-free propagation requires only the proper choice of pulse width and shape for a given pulse energy. However, quantum mechanical zero-point fluctuations of the amplitude and phase of the optical pulse limit the precision with which this pulse shape can be produced. These quantum fluctuations do not undergo stationary propagation but, rather, evolve because of dispersion and self-phase modulation, As a soliton pulse propagates, this zero-point or vacuum noise associated with the pulse evolves into squeezed noise owing to self-phase modulation in the fiber.1,2

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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