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Laser Drawing of Optical Fibers

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Abstract

A system consisting of a cw CO2 laser and an ellipsoidal reflector was developed in order to draw fused silica fibers from bulk material. The system was used to obtain unclad fused silica fibers (Suprasil 2) having a total transmission loss of less than 100 dB/km at 6328 Å. Preforms (rod in tube) have also been drawn to fibers of long lengths with diameters as small as 10 μm and variations within 5%. Analysis of the fiber drawing process established relations that allow determination of the design parameters for fiber drawing systems. Experimental results are given that support these relationships.

© 1974 Optical Society of America

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Equations (9)

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