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Ultrasonic hydrophone based on short in-fiber Bragg gratings

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Abstract

We investigate the feasibility of using in-fiber Bragg gratings for measuring acoustic fields in the megahertz range. We found that the acoustic coupling from the ultrasonic field to the grating leads to the formation of standing waves in the fiber. Because of these standing waves, the system response is complex and, as we show, the grating does not act as an effective probe. However, significant improvement in its performance can be gained by use of short gratings coupled with an appropriate desensitization of the fiber. A noise-limited pressure resolution of ≈4.5 × 10-3 atm/√Hz was found.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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