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Fabrication and simulation of diffractive optical elements with superimposed antireflection subwavelength gratings

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Abstract

With the aim of reducing surface reflections and increasing the diffraction efficiency we investigated the superposition of subwavelength phase gratings onto blazed phase gratings. With direct-write electron-beam lithography bare blazed gratings and blazed gratings carrying subwavelength gratings were fabricated and their optical performances compared. For TE polarization the subwavelength-carrying gratings showed a maximum diffraction efficiency of 90.6%, whereas the corresponding maximum value for the bare grating was 86.3%. The experiment was simulated with rigorous diffraction theory.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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