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Distributed fiber temperature and strain sensor using coherent radio-frequency detection of spontaneous Brillouin scattering

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Abstract

A novel technique that enables coherent detection of spontaneous Brillouin scattering in the radio-frequency (<500  MHz) region with excellent long-term stability has been demonstrated for distributed measurements of temperature and strain in long fiber. An actively stabilized single-frequency Brillouin fiber laser with extremely low phase noise and intensity noise is used as a well-defined, frequency-shifted local oscillator for the heterodyne detection, yielding measurements of spontaneous Brillouin scattering with high frequency stability. Based on this approach, a highly stable real-time fiber sensor for distributed measurements of both temperature and strain over long fiber has been developed utilizing advanced digital signal processing techniques.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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