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High spatial resolution schlieren photography

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Abstract

Some geometrical optical considerations for attaining spatial resolution of about 100 μM in a photographic schlieren experiment are presented. The topics of astigmatism, coma, and spherical aberration are considered briefly. Special emphasis is directed to diffraction effects in a single-mirror schlieren instrument. A method for estimating the size of limiting apertures in the knife-edge plane to allow a particular spatial resolution, compromised vs photographic sensitivity, is reported. A sample application for photographing the schlieren effects in a small spark discharge is included.

© 1977 Optical Society of America

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