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Minimization of temperature effects of high-birefringent elliptical fibers for polarimetric optical-fiber sensors

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Abstract

The temperature dependence of polarization-maintaining fibers is a problem in polarimetric optical-fiber sensors. We report a novel method for making a temperature-insensitive, polarization-maintaining fiber, which may be used for the sensing part in a polarimetric strain sensor. The fiber has a double-clad elliptical core with built-in stresses in the core and cladding regions. To minimize the temperature sensitivity, the built-in stresses are balanced with the refractive-index differences and the core ellipticity properly chosen. The temperature and strain sensitivities of the fiber are calculated. A practical design and some potential applications of such a temperature-insensitive fiber with a high strain sensitivity are presented.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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