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Neural network that incorporates direct optical imaging

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Abstract

A compact neural network architecture is described that can be trained to sense and classify an optical image directly projected onto it. The system is based on the combination of a two-dimensional amorphous silicon photoconductor array and a liquid-crystal spatial light modulator. Appropriate filtering of the incident optical image on capture is incorporated into the network training rules through a modification of the standard backpropagation training algorithm. Training of the network on two image-classification problems is described: the recognition of handprinted digits and facial recognition. The network, once trained, is capable of stand-alone operation, sensing an incident image, and outputting a final classification signal in real time.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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