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Image quality in time-resolved transillumination of highly scattering media

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Abstract

Using a photon-counting setup and a streak-camera arrangement with time resolutions of 35 and 6 ps, respectively, we have investigated the spatial resolution of a time-gated transillumination technique applied to turbid media. In the case of large relative amounts of unscattered light, it is found that small detection angles improve the spatial resolution. For large concentrations of scatterers and large sample thicknesses, i.e., when the amount of unscattered light is negligible, the best time-gate position is found to be at times that are later than the minimum transit time. In this case (minimum transit time), temporal resolutions from small values up to approximately 50 ps yield almost the same image resolution. The only advantage of measuring systems with a higher than 50-ps temporal resolution is their ability to distinguish the diffused from the unscattered light, when a significant amount of the latter is present.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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