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Distance measurements using two frequency-stabilized Nd:YAG lasers

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Abstract

Two diode-pumped tunable Nd:YAG lasers locked to sub-Doppler transitions of 127I2 and 133Cs2 are used as a source for two-wavelength interferometry. The synthetic wavelength is highly stable and accurate, owing to the frequency stability of the locked lasers and the precise determination of the frequency difference between Cs2 and I2 transitions. The dense spectra of the two molecular absorbers allows selection of synthetic wavelength Λ over a wide range, between 8.5 mm and more than 1 m, thus enabling distance measurements with a large nonambiguity range. Fringe contrast and phase-shifting methods are used to measure the synthetic phase. An accuracy of 70 μm is achieved for synthetic wavelength Λ ~ 19 mm, corresponding to a phase interpolation accuracy of Λ/260.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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