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Coupling characteristics of cladding modes in tilted optical fiber Bragg gratings

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Abstract

We have studied both theoretically and experimentally the effect of grating tilting on the coupling between the fundamental core mode and the cladding modes in an optical fiber Bragg grating. The coupling is shown to be very sensitive on the tilting angle. It is also shown that tilting angle has to be minimized in fibers with designs to suppress the coupling between the fundamental core mode and the cladding modes. We have also studied the single, strong loss peak accompanying the Bragg reflection peak in depressed-cladding fibers, thus showing a good agreement between behavior that is measured and that is predicted theoretically.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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