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Narrow-band, narrow-field-of-view Raman lidar with combined day and night capability for tropospheric water-vapor profile measurements

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Abstract

We describe a high-performance Raman lidar system with combined day and night capability for tropospheric water-vapor profile measurements. The system incorporates high-performance UV interference filters and a narrow-band, dual-field-of-view receiver for rejection of background sunlight. Daytime performance has been demonstrated up to 5 km with 150-m vertical and 5-min temporal averaging. The nighttime performance is significantly better with measurements routinely extending from 10 to 12 km with 75-m range resolution and a 5-min temporal average. We describe design issues for daytime operation and a novel daytime calibration technique.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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