The general case of obliquely incident plane-wave propagation in periodic anisotropic layered media is presented. Arbitrary permittivity tensors of the two alternating anisotropic layers are considered. An immersion model is used with the assumption that each layer is embedded between two isotropic regions that have the same index of refraction as the isotropic medium of incidence and a thickness that is set equal to zero. Then explicit relations are presented for normally incident plane waves in periodic structures that consist of alternating biaxial layers of arbitrary principal-axis orientation. Specific cases of alternating isotropic and biaxial layers are also considered. Unit cell translation matrices are presented for both traveling directions, from the left to the right and vice versa. Dispersion relations that contain information regarding the propagation bands and the forbidden gaps in periodic anisotropic structures are presented.
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