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Ordinary and extraordinary rays in gradient-index lenses

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Abstract

We assume that the polarization modes of a gradient-index medium with circular cylindrical symmetry are radial and tangential. Making use of a ray-optics method developed for anisotropic crystals, we relate the polarization modes with the permittivity and the dielectric tensor constant of the medium. The polarized imaging response of gradient-index lenses is used to associate ordinary rays with the tangential mode and extraordinary rays with the radial mode. The polarization-mode description is in agreement with the experimental results here. These experimental results allow extending the mode description developed for meridional rays to include skew rays.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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