The efficiency of trapping an on-axis spherical particle by use of laser tweezers for a particle size from the Rayleigh limit to the ray optics limit is calculated from generalized Lorenz-Mie light-scattering theory and the localized version of a Gaussian beam that has been truncated and focused by a high-numerical-aperture lens and that possesses spherical aberration as a result of its transmission through the wall of the sample cell. The results are compared with both the experimental trapping efficiency and the theoretical efficiency obtained from use of the localized version of a freely propagating focused Gaussian beam. The predicted trapping efficiency is found to decrease as a function of the depth of the spherical particle in the sample cell owing to an increasing amount of spherical aberration. The decrease in efficiency is also compared with experiment.
© 2004 Optical Society of AmericaFull Article | PDF Article
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