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In-line type micropulse lidar with an annular beam: experiment

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Abstract

An in-line type compact micropulse lidar (MPL) with an annular beam was developed for low-altitude cloud measurement. An optical circulator and a couple of axicon prisms for an annular beam were installed on the lidar optics. The advantage of using the in-line MPL is its ability to obtain a near-range measurement with a narrow field of view of 0.1 mrad and to obtain a depolarization measurement of the orthogonally polarized echoes caused by ice crystals of a low-altitude cloud. The total insertion loss of the lidar optics was 3 dB. Detectors such as avalance photodiode detectors can be operated in an analog mode near the breakdown voltage because of the high isolation of the optical circulator. The ideal lidar echo variation from the nearest distance was verified by measuring the mountain echoes at various distances. The depolarization measurement of a low-altitude ice cloud was also demonstrated.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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