In this paper, we describe the principle of the three-dimensional vector holograms formed in anisotropic recording medium. The polarization states of the interference light are three-dimensionally modulated due to both the polarization interference and optical anisotropy in the recording medium. The electric field of the polarized light reorients the director and forms the three-dimensional vector hologram in anisotropic photoreactive liquid-crystal composites. The theoretical consideration reveals the formation mechanism and optical characteristics of the resultant three-dimensional vector holograms.
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