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Freeform surface lens for LED uniform illumination

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Abstract

A method using a freeform surface lens for LED secondary optic design is proposed in this paper. By Snell’s Law, the differential equations are given to build the relationship between the normal direction of a freeform surface and its input/output ray vectors. Runge–Kutta formulas are used to calculate the differential equations to design the freeform surface. Moreover, the optical model for uniform illumination is simulated and optical performance is analyzed. A practical freeform surface lens for LED uniform illumination is fabricated using an injection molding method. By the process, our system demonstrates a uniform illumination with a divergence half-angle of 6° and an efficiency of 78.6%.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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