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Detection of drilling-induced delamination in aeronautical composites by noncontact laser ultrasonic method

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Abstract

A novel application of the laser ultrasonic technique for the detection of drilling-induced delamination in composite components of aircrafts is proposed. Numerous key components of aircrafts are made of composite materials, and drilling is often a final operation during assembly. Drilling-induced delamination significantly reduces the structural reliability, and it is rather difficult to be detected effectively and automatically. The laser ultrasonic technique is a promising method to solve the problem. This paper investigates the characterization of drilling-induced delamination in composites by a noncontact laser ultrasonic method. A carbon fiber reinforced plastic laminate with drilling holes is prepared as a specimen. The characterization of drilling-induced delamination with laser-generated ultrasonic waves is investigated theoretically and experimentally, and the morphology features of the delamination are obtained by laser ultrasonic C-scan testing. The results prove that the laser ultrasonic technique is effective for the detection of drilling-induced delamination in composite components, and it is a feasible solution for evaluating the drilling quality during assembly.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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