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All-optical ultrafast XOR/XNOR logic gates, binary counter, and double-bit comparator with silicon microring resonators

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Abstract

We present designs of all-optical ultrafast YES/NOT, XOR/XNOR logic gates, binary counter, and double-bit comparator based on all-optical switching by two-photon absorption induced free-carrier injection in silicon 2×2 add–drop microring resonators. The proposed circuits have been theoretically analyzed using time-domain coupled-mode theory based on reported experimental values to realize low power (28mW) ultrafast (22ps) operation with high modulation (80%) and bit rate (45Gb/s). The designs are complementary metal-oxide semiconductor compatible and provide advantages of high Q-factor, tunability, compactness, cascadibility, scalability, reconfigurability, simplicity, and minimal number of switches and inputs for realization of the desired logic. Although a two-bit counter has been shown, the scheme can easily be extended to N-bit counter through cascading.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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