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Measurement of the reflection and loss of the hybrid air-core photonic-bandgap fiber ring resonator

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Abstract

A fiber ring resonator is the key element in a resonant fiber optic gyroscope (RFOG). Both reflection and loss characteristics can severely decrease the accuracy of the RFOG. This paper first implements optical frequency domain reflectometry (OFDR) to measure the reflection and loss coefficients of the hybrid air-core photonic-bandgap fiber (PBF) ring resonator. Compared with the traditional measurement method of the resonant curve, OFDR can clearly distinguish the two junctions between the air-core PBF and the solid-core fiber. The measured reflection coefficients at the two splicing points are 1.77% and 2.65%, respectively. The excess losses are 2.28 dB and 3.22 dB, respectively. Thus, the measurement of the junctions in the fiber ring resonator is realized.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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