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Smart design of a long-period fiber grating refractive index sensor based on dual-peak resonance near the phase-matching turning point

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Abstract

This paper presents a smart design way for the long-period fiber grating (LPFG) refractive index sensor, which is based on high sensitivity of LPFG near phase-matching turning point (PMTP) to the surrounding refractive index (SRI). On the basis of the coupled mode theory of LPFG, cladding etching and film coating have opposite effects on the shift of the dual peaks. Therefore, an LPFG can be controlled by the cladding etching and film coating successively, until it operates near PMTP. Experimentally, an LPFG operating near PMTP was fabricated, and the glycerol solution concentration monitoring test was performed. The results show that the sensitivity of this LPFG to the SRI is as high as 5602 nm/refractive index unit.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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