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Speckle noise reduction in digital speckle pattern interferometric fringes by nonlocal means and its related adaptive kernel-based methods

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Abstract

Digital speckle pattern interferometry (DSPI) is widely used in many scientific and industrial applications. Besides its several advantages, one of the basic problems encountered in DSPI is the undesired speckle noise existing in the fringe pattern. In this paper, we demonstrate the performance of nonlocal means (NLM) and its related adaptive kernel-based filtering methods for speckle noise reduction in DSPI fringes. The NLM filter and its related kernel-based filters such as NLM-average, NLM-local polynomial regression, and NLM-shape adaptive patches are implemented first on simulated DSPI fringes, and their performances are quantified on the basis of peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR), mean square error (MSE), and quality index (Q). Further, their effectiveness and abilities in reducing speckle noise are compared with other speckle denoising methods. These filtering methods are then employed on experimental DSPI fringes. The obtained results reveal that these filtering methods have the ability to improve the PSNR and Q of the DSPI fringes and provide better visual and quantitative results. It is also observed that the proposed filtering methods preserve the edge information of the DSPI fringes, which is evaluated on the basis of the edge preservation index of the resultant filtered images.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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