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Time delay and width variation caused by temporal dispersion of a complex modulated signal in underwater lidar

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Abstract

The parameters of an echo signal from the underwater lidar are studied for the case of modulation of a probing pulse by a high frequency signal with a frequency linearly varying with time. The analysis is based on the statistical Monte Carlo simulations of the frequency and phase responses of a signal propagating along the emitter–water–reflector–water–receiver path and an analytical representation of the signal as a pulse described by a Gaussian function with intrapulse modulation. Delays and pulse shape changes caused by temporal dispersion of the photon-density waves are estimated. It is shown that the temporal dispersion effect reduces the efficiency of the matched processing of a complex signal in the receiving system.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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