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Measuring the topological charge of terahertz vortex beams with a focal hyperbolic lens

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Abstract

An efficient method is proposed to measure the topological charge (TC) of terahertz (THz) vortex beams with a focal hyperbolic (FH) lens at 0.1 THz. The FH lens is designed and fabricated by 3D printing. The diffraction fringes acquired in the focal plane of the FH lens can judge the number and sign of the TC. Furthermore, after the horizontal or vertical measurement curve is recorded by rotating the FH lens to a suitable angle, the TC value can then be simply and effectively identified. The TC value of the experiment measurement reaches 5. The experiment results are in excellent accord with the simulation.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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