Abstract

Fano resonance is a pervasive resonance phenomenon which can be applied to high sensitivity sensing, perfect absorption, electromagnetic-induced transparency, and slow-light photonic devices. In this paper, we propose a metal–insulator–metal (MIM) waveguide structure consisting of a D-shaped cavity and a bus waveguide with a silver–air–silver barrier. The Fano resonance can be achieved by the interaction between the D-shaped cavity and the bus waveguide. The finite element method is used to analyze the transmission characteristics and magnetic-field distributions of the structure in detail. Simulation results show the Fano resonance can be adjusted by altering the geometric parameters of the MIM waveguide structure or the refractive index of the D-shaped cavity. The maximum refractive index sensitivity of the structure can reach up to 1510 nm/RIU, and there is a good linear relationship between resonance wavelength and refractive index. Since it has good sensitivity and tunability, the MIM waveguide structure can be used in bio-sensing, such as human hemoglobin detection. We show its applicability for the detection of three different human blood groups as well.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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