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High-accuracy optical extensometer realized by two parallel cameras and two-dimensional digital image correlation

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Abstract

A conventional optical extensometer realized by a single common camera and two-dimensional digital image correlation (2D-DIC) often provides unsatisfactory strain results owing to the out-of-plane motion of the specimen. In this work, we propose an improved optical extensometer based on two parallel cameras and 2D-DIC. In the proposed extensometer, the gauge points are selected at the image centers of two cameras, which are negligibly affected by the out-of-plane translation and rotation, leading to higher accuracy of strain measurement as compared with the conventional optical extensometer. A rigid out-of-plane translation experiment and four repeated uniaxial tensile tests were conducted to verify the feasibility, reliability, and accuracy of the proposed method. Experimental results indicate that the proposed method has a strong ability to resist the effect of out-of-plane motion and experimental vibrations. Moreover, the strain measurement results obtained with the proposed method were found to be in excellent agreement with those obtained with a strain gauge, and the strain errors between them were only a few microstrains. Given that no compensation method is required, the proposed method is easy to implement with 2D-DIC and can be used for specimens of different sizes by adjusting the distance between the two cameras.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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