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Bipartite Gaussian quantum steering, entanglement, and discord and their interconnection via a parametric down-converter

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Abstract

In this study, we quantify quantum steering, quantum entanglement, and quantum discord and their interconnection using the technique of parametric down-conversion. Initially, two single-mode Gaussian states together with a non-linear crystal in a cavity are considered. The behavior of the three kinds of quantum correlations depend on the phase of the coherent pump field, purity, and non-classicality of the input states, and the damping rates of the cavity. The amount and time evolution of the quantum correlations enhances with the difference between the non-classicality of the initial states. In presence of the damping rates, the quantum steering and quantum entanglement (quantum discord) increase (decreases) with the purity of the input cavity field. We note that the amount and survival time of the quantum correlations can be controlled by varying the relative phase associated to the coherent pump field. The boundaries of the three kinds of quantum correlations are defined and explained with respect to each other, which form a hierarchy.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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