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Synchronized High Speed Scanning Infrared Spectrometer

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Abstract

A spectrometer which scans a wavelength band of 0.6 μ in 30 μsec and is useful from 2–6 μ is described. The instrument can be synchronized with a pulsed source with a minimum triggering delay of 15 μsec. The instrument is basically an Ebert spectrometer equipped with an indium antimonide detector at the exit slit, an aluminum scanning mirror placed 5 cm before the exit slit, and a wavelength calibration signal generator. The scanning mirror, which is supported on pivots inside a helical coil, deflects the spectrum through an angle of approximately 90° onto the exit slit. When a capacitor is discharged through the coil, the resulting magnetic field spins the aluminum mirror causing the spectrum to move across the exit slit. The wavelength calibration signal generator produces a series of electrical pulses as the scanning mirror turns, permitting wavelength calibration when the pulses are displayed below the spectrometer signal on a dual beam oscilloscope. Using this instrument on a shock tube, data have been obtained on the absolute spectral radiation intensity of air, nitrogen, neon, and argon heated by reflected shocks to equilibrium temperatures in the range of 6000°K to 10,000°K. In this temperature region with these gases, an important source of continuum radiation is neutral Bremsstrahlung caused by the inelastic scattering of electrons from neutral atoms and molecules. By employing the scanning ir spectrometer it has been possible to separate the continuum radiation from contributions owing to lines and bands and determine the cross section for the neutral Bremsstrahlung.

© 1967 Optical Society of America

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