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Optimizing photonic ring-resonator filters for OH-suppressed near-infrared astronomy

Abstract

Near-infrared wavelength observations are crucial for understanding numerous fields of astrophysics, such as supernova cosmology and positronium annihilation detection. However, current ground-based observations suffer from an enormous background due to OH emission in the upper atmosphere. One promising way to solve this problem is to use ring-resonator filters to suppress OH emission lines. In this work, we discuss our optimization of ring-resonator filter performance from five perspectives: resonance wavelength matching, polarization-independent operation, low insertion loss, low-loss coupling to astronomical instruments, and broadband operation. In the end, we discuss next steps needed for reliable supernova and positronium observations, thus providing a roadmap for future advances in near-infrared astronomy.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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