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Tunable diode laser-based two-line thermometry: a noncontact thermometer for active body temperature measurement

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Abstract

A precise and fast optical thermometer based on a tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy is developed for breath diagnostics with relevance to noncontact body temperature measurement. As water vapor (${{\rm{H}}_2}{\rm{O}}$) is the major component in human breath, two optimal absorption lines of ${{\rm{H}}_2}{\rm{O}}$ at 1392 nm and 1371 nm are selected for sensitive body temperature measurement by systematically investigating the near-infrared spectral database. The optical thermometer is developed using two distributed feedback diode lasers with the time-division multiplexing technique to achieve real-time measurement. The sensor performance such as accuracy, repeatability, and time response is tested in a custom-designed gas cell with its temperature controlled in the range of 20°C–50°C. By measuring the test air with different water concentrations, the sensor consistently shows a quadratic response to temperature with an R-squared value of 0.9998. Under the readout rate of 1 s, the sensor achieves a measurement precision of 0.16°C, suggesting its potential applications to fast, accurate, and noncontact body temperature measurements.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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Data underlying the results presented in this paper are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request by email.

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