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Surface light scattering in reflection geometry: capabilities and limitations

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Abstract

In the present study, the capabilities and limitations of surface light scattering (SLS) experiments in reflection geometry are investigated. Based on the study of the transparent reference fluid toluene at 303.15 K over a wide range of wave vectors between $({0.3}\;{\rm{and}}\;{6.6}) \times {{1}}{{{0}}^5}\;{{\rm{m}}^{- 1}}$, the performance of two different detection schemes analyzing light scattered from the vapor–liquid interface in a perpendicular and non-perpendicular direction is assessed. Considering various aspects such as the quality of the heterodyne correlation functions, the input information for data evaluation, and the line-broadening effects, both detection schemes show comparable overall efficiency. For wave vectors larger than ${4.5} \times {{1}}{{{0}}^5}\;{{\rm{m}}^{- 1}}$, where line-broadening effects are suppressed, the results obtained for liquid viscosity and surface tension agree with measurements in transmission geometry, validating the capability of the apparatus. For wave vectors smaller than ${1.5} \times {{1}}{{{0}}^5}\;{{\rm{m}}^{- 1}}$, the SLS signals are distinctly affected by line-broadening effects, which will result in erroneous values for surface tension and in particular viscosity, even if empirical fitting approaches commonly used in literature are applied. The modeling of the influence of line broadening on the measurements results by a simple Gaussian-weighted sum of individual damped oscillations reveals the increasing complexity of the underlying wave vector distribution toward smaller wave vectors chosen for the scattering geometry.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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Supplementary Material (1)

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Supplement 1       supplemental information to the manuscript

Data Availability

Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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