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Image-based method for the angular vibration measurement of a linear array camera

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Abstract

Measurements of angular vibration of aerial cameras in a variety of operating conditions are critical to analyze the performance of the vibration isolation system. Instead of using an additional optical system to measure the angular motion of the camera, an image-based and easy-to-implement method is proposed for the linear array camera to measure the image motions captured by the camera directly. The natural frequencies of the vibration isolation were also measured by laboratory vibration test. For image vibration measuring, the angular vibration is represented in image motion by the relationship between the image motion and angular motion of the camera. Based on the pushbroom imaging principle, the image motion at the edge of the foreground image of the linear object is extracted using image processing technology including image segment and edge detection methods. Then the image motion is analyzed in the time and frequency domains. The proposed method has been successfully demonstrated for the angular vibration measurement by a flight test. The results of the vibration sensors and the position and orientation system of the flight tests are also given to validate the effectiveness and accuracy of the proposed approach.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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