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In situ laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements during laser welding of superalloy

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Abstract

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) has been utilized for in situ diagnostics of the laser welding process. The influence of different weld spot areas (melt pool, solid weld) on LIBS signals and plasma properties has been studied in detail. Liquid metal sampling and high target surface temperature of the melt enhance LIBS plasma intensity and increase plasma temperature. The influence of laser welding process parameters on LIBS measurements has been studied in order to differentiate optimal and defective laser welding. In case of defective laser welding, the melt pool was intensively boiling, so we have observed greater LIBS signals but poor reproducibility. For the first time, the LIBS technique was demonstrated to detect defective laser welding during in situ measurements utilizing atomic and ionic line comparison by paired sample t-test hypotheses testing.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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