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Subpixel sampling moiré method for in-plane displacement measurement considering the symmetric errors induced by interpolation

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Abstract

Sampling moiré method (SMM) is a highly accurate vision-based deformation measurement method, whose measurement error is minimized when an integer that is closest to the grating pitch is selected as the sampling pitch. We propose a subpixel SMM by applying subpixel interpolation operation before the downsampling in traditional SMM; the sampling pitch was selected as a noninteger nearest to the grating pitch in the subpixel resolution image. Meanwhile, the average filter method was used to eliminate the symmetric error cause by interpolation. As a result, the period of moiré fringe was enlarged greatly, and the measurement accuracy was also increased. To investigate the efficiency of the subpixel SMM, a computer simulation was applied to analyze the accuracy of the subpixel SMM. Then a simple tensile experiment was conducted to validate the efficiency of this method, and the result of the subpixel SMM accorded well with the fiber Bragg grating. In summary, the proposed novel subpixel SMM is capable of being used for high accuracy in-plane deformation measuring.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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