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Speckle reduction in digital holography with low-dimensional reconstruction

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Abstract

Speckle reduction is a crucial technique since the presence of speckle disturbs the quality of the reconstruction in digital holography. In this paper, we present an easy, fast, and efficient single-shot method to reduce speckle noise in digital holography. The method reconstructs subholograms from a single hologram. Then, sub-reconstruction images are randomly shuffled and divided into several groups and low-dimensional noise-reduced images can be achieved by averaging sub-reconstruction image groups by groups. Next, these low-dimensional noise-reduced images are combined to obtain a noise-reduced image. Finally, the noise-reduced image is processed by a mean filter to obtain a final image, which has substantially less speckle noise while preserving the dimensions of the original image. The experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method and indicate its potential in real-time digital holography.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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