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Optica Publishing Group
  • Applied Spectroscopy
  • Vol. 71,
  • Issue 7,
  • pp. 1633-1639
  • (2017)

Development of a Direct Spectrophotometric and Chemometric Method for Determining Food Dye Concentrations

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An ultraviolet visible (UV-Vis) spectrophotometric and partial least squares (PLS) chemometric method was developed for the simultaneous determination of erythrosine B (red), Brilliant Blue, and tartrazine (yellow) dyes. A training set (n = 64) was generated using a full factorial design and its accuracy was tested in a test set (n = 13) using a Box–Behnken design. The test set garnered a root mean square error (RMSE) of 1.79 × 10–7 for blue, 4.59 × 10–7 for red, and 1.13 × 10–6 for yellow dyes. The relatively small RMSE suggests only a small difference between predicted versus measured concentrations, demonstrating the accuracy of our model. The relative error of prediction (REP) for the test set were 11.73%, 19.52%, 19.38%, for blue, red, and yellow dyes, respectively. A comparable overlay between the actual candy samples and their replicated synthetic spectra were also obtained indicating the model as a potentially accurate method for determining concentrations of dyes in food samples.

© 2017 The Author(s)

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