A new setup is described to characterize the scattering coefficient and the scattering phase function of liquid media. The setup utilizes the basic idea of a spatially resolved reflectance measurement combined with a sophisticated illumination geometry. The sample is illuminated parallel and close to the interface of the sample and a glass window to get information from single scattered and multiple scattered light. By illuminating the sample with a fiber orientated with the axis parallel to the glass surface, small distances to the source can be examined unimpeded by the illumination beam. The derived information is, for example, not only sensitive to the concentration of the scatterers but also to the size of the scattering particles. We present the setup including the theory to describe the light propagation in the whole configuration using Monte Carlo simulations. The validation has been done with polystyrene microsphere dispersions with different scattering coefficients. As application for the developed setup, we show measurements of different milk samples which vary in concentration of fat, protein, and in fat droplet size during homogenization process. By measuring milk, we show the ability of the sensor to determine information about the scattering phase function without diluting the sample. For sensors in the dairy industry, a measurement with no pre-processing and no diluting of the sample is worthwhile, because this can be used to determine the fat and protein concentration on-line.
© 2018 The Author(s)
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