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Optica Publishing Group
  • Applied Spectroscopy
  • Vol. 75,
  • Issue 9,
  • pp. 1136-1145
  • (2021)

Optical Investigation of Essential Oils Using Absorbance and Photoluminescence

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Abstract

Essential oils are complex mixtures of organic substances with large commercial importance in the pharmaceutical, food, fragrance, and cosmetic industries due to their organoleptic and biological properties. Also, these materials are also luminescent what has taken several studies about its potential uses for the detection and quality control of essential oils, imaging, and for the investigation of the synergies of their constituents. Concerning this, the present work is dedicated to studying the optical properties of selected essential oils: citronella (Cymbopogon winterianus), Japanese mint (Mentha arvensis), clove bud (Syzygium aromaticum), and bergamot (Citrus bergamia). We carried out a comparative study of the photoluminescence and the ultraviolet–visible optical absorption (abs-UV–Vis) of these essential oils with their typical constituents. To inspect the effects of the intermolecular interactions on the optical response of these systems, mixtures between the essential oils constituents following the expected average percent mass fraction were also studied. From these experiments, the main results were bathochromic effects in the abs-UV–Vis spectra; excimer formation in citral, isopulegol, isomenthone, eugenol, and eugenyl acetate; excimer emission enhancing and specific solvent effect in the essential oils photoluminescence spectra. These results contribute to the knowledge of essential oils’ applications, especially in the evaluation of components’ interactions through a simple abs-UV–Vis assay.

© 2021 The Author(s)

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Supplementary Material (3)

NameDescription
Supplement 1       sj-xlsx-1-asp-10.1177_0003702821989694 - Supplemental material for Optical Investigation of Essential Oils Using Absorbance and Photoluminescence
Supplement 2       sj-pdf-2-asp-10.1177_0003702821989694 - Supplemental material for Optical Investigation of Essential Oils Using Absorbance and Photoluminescence
Supplement 3       sj-xlsx-3-asp-10.1177_0003702821989694 - Supplemental material for Optical Investigation of Essential Oils Using Absorbance and Photoluminescence

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