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Optica Publishing Group
  • Current Optics and Photonics
  • Vol. 1,
  • Issue 6,
  • pp. 637-641
  • (2017)

Accurate Measurement of THz Dielectric Constant Using Metamaterials on a Quartz Substrate

Open Access Open Access

Abstract

We present dielectric constant measurements of thin films using THz metamaterials fabricated on a quartz substrate. The resonance shifts of the metamaterials exhibit saturation behavior with increasing film thickness. The saturation frequency shift varies with the real part of the dielectric constant, from which the numerical expression for the particular metamaterial design was extracted. We first performed finite-difference time-domain simulations to find an explicit relationship between the saturated frequency shift and the dielectric constant of a thin film, which was confirmed by the experimental results from conventional techniques. In particular, the quartz substrate enables us to determine their values more accurately, because of its low substrate index. As a result, we extracted the dielectric constants of various films whose values have not been addressed previously without precise control of the film thickness.

© 2017 Optical Society of Korea

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References

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  1. H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, J. F. O’Hara, A. J. Taylor, "Electromagnetic metamaterials for terahertz applications," Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 42‒50 (2008)
  2. H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, "Active terahertz meta-material devices," Nat. 444, 597‒600 (2006)
    [Crossref]
  3. S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, "Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials," Sci. Rep. 4, 4988 (2014)
  4. J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. Robbins, W. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory 47, 2075‒2084 (1999)
    [Crossref]
  5. J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, D. R. Smith, "Controlling electromagnetic fields," Sci. 312, 1780‒1782 (2006)
    [Crossref]
  6. R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Sci. 292, 77‒79 (2001)
    [Crossref]
  7. S. J. Park, B. H. Son, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, "Sensitive detection of yeast using terahertz slot antennas," Opt. Express 22, 30467‒30472 (2014)
    [Crossref]
  8. S. J. Park, S. H. Cha, G. A. Shin, Y. H. Ahn, "Sensing viruses using terahertz nano-gap metamaterials," Biomed. Opt. Express 8, 3551‒3558 (2017)
    [Crossref]
  9. A. P. Tenggara, S. J. Park, H. T. Yudistira, Y. H. Ahn, D. Byun, "Fabrication of terahertz metamaterials using electrohydrodynamic jet printing for sensitive detection of yeast," J. Micromech. Microeng 27, (2017)
  10. S. J. Park, S. W. Jun, A. R. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, "Terahertz metamaterial sensing on polystyrene microbeads: Shape dependence," Opt. Mater. Express 5, 2150‒2155 (2015)
    [Crossref]
  11. J. F. O'Hara, R. Singh, I. Brener, E. Smirnova, J. Han, A. J. Taylor, W. Zhang, "Thin-film sensing with planar terahertz metamaterials: sensitivity and limitations," Opt. Express 16, 1786‒1795 (2008)
    [Crossref]
  12. D. J. Shelton, D. W. Peters, M. B. Sinclair, I. Brener, L. K. Warne, L. I. Basilio, K. R. Coffey, G. D. Boreman, "Effect of thin silicon dioxide layers on resonant frequency in infrared metamaterials," Opt. Express 18, 1085‒1090 (2010)
    [Crossref]
  13. K. Kawase, Y. Ogawa, Y. Watanabe, H. Inoue, "Non-destructive terahertz imaging of illicit drugs using spectral fingerprints," Opt. Express 11, 2549‒2554 (2003)
    [Crossref]
  14. A. Menikh, R. MacColl, C. A. Mannella, X. C. Zhang, "Terahertz biosensing technology: Frontiers and progress," Chemphyschem 3, 655‒658 (2002)
    [Crossref]
  15. M. Tonouchi, "Cutting-edge terahertz technology," Nat. Photon. 1, 97‒105 (2007)
    [Crossref]
  16. R. Woodward, V. Wallace, D. Arnone, E. Linfield, M. Pepper, "Terahertz pulsed imaging of skin cancer in the time and frequency domain," J. Biol. Phys. 29, 257‒259 (2003)
    [Crossref]
  17. S. J. Park, S. A. N. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, "Dielectric constant measurements of thin films and liquids using terahertz metamaterials," RSC Adv. 6, 69381‒69386 (2016)
    [Crossref]
  18. S. J. Park, S. A. N. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, "Effective sensing volume of terahertz metamaterial with various gap widths," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 20, 628‒632 (2016)
    [Crossref]
  19. J. T. Hong, K. M. Lee, B. H. Son, S. J. Park, D. J. Park, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, "Terahertz conductivity of reduced graphene oxide films," Opt. Express 21, 7633‒7640 (2013)
    [Crossref]
  20. S. J. Park, A. R. Kim, J. T. Hong, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, "Crystallization kinetics of lead halide perovskite film monitored by in-situ terahertz spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 8, 401‒406 (2017)
    [Crossref]

2017 (3)

S. J. Park, S. H. Cha, G. A. Shin, Y. H. Ahn, "Sensing viruses using terahertz nano-gap metamaterials," Biomed. Opt. Express 8, 3551‒3558 (2017)
[Crossref]

A. P. Tenggara, S. J. Park, H. T. Yudistira, Y. H. Ahn, D. Byun, "Fabrication of terahertz metamaterials using electrohydrodynamic jet printing for sensitive detection of yeast," J. Micromech. Microeng 27, (2017)

S. J. Park, A. R. Kim, J. T. Hong, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, "Crystallization kinetics of lead halide perovskite film monitored by in-situ terahertz spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 8, 401‒406 (2017)
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

S. J. Park, S. A. N. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, "Dielectric constant measurements of thin films and liquids using terahertz metamaterials," RSC Adv. 6, 69381‒69386 (2016)
[Crossref]

S. J. Park, S. A. N. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, "Effective sensing volume of terahertz metamaterial with various gap widths," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 20, 628‒632 (2016)
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

2014 (2)

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, "Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials," Sci. Rep. 4, 4988 (2014)

S. J. Park, B. H. Son, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, "Sensitive detection of yeast using terahertz slot antennas," Opt. Express 22, 30467‒30472 (2014)
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2010 (1)

2008 (2)

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, J. F. O’Hara, A. J. Taylor, "Electromagnetic metamaterials for terahertz applications," Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 42‒50 (2008)

J. F. O'Hara, R. Singh, I. Brener, E. Smirnova, J. Han, A. J. Taylor, W. Zhang, "Thin-film sensing with planar terahertz metamaterials: sensitivity and limitations," Opt. Express 16, 1786‒1795 (2008)
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

M. Tonouchi, "Cutting-edge terahertz technology," Nat. Photon. 1, 97‒105 (2007)
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, D. R. Smith, "Controlling electromagnetic fields," Sci. 312, 1780‒1782 (2006)
[Crossref]

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, "Active terahertz meta-material devices," Nat. 444, 597‒600 (2006)
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

K. Kawase, Y. Ogawa, Y. Watanabe, H. Inoue, "Non-destructive terahertz imaging of illicit drugs using spectral fingerprints," Opt. Express 11, 2549‒2554 (2003)
[Crossref]

R. Woodward, V. Wallace, D. Arnone, E. Linfield, M. Pepper, "Terahertz pulsed imaging of skin cancer in the time and frequency domain," J. Biol. Phys. 29, 257‒259 (2003)
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

A. Menikh, R. MacColl, C. A. Mannella, X. C. Zhang, "Terahertz biosensing technology: Frontiers and progress," Chemphyschem 3, 655‒658 (2002)
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Sci. 292, 77‒79 (2001)
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. Robbins, W. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory 47, 2075‒2084 (1999)
[Crossref]

Ahn, Y. H.

S. J. Park, S. H. Cha, G. A. Shin, Y. H. Ahn, "Sensing viruses using terahertz nano-gap metamaterials," Biomed. Opt. Express 8, 3551‒3558 (2017)
[Crossref]

A. P. Tenggara, S. J. Park, H. T. Yudistira, Y. H. Ahn, D. Byun, "Fabrication of terahertz metamaterials using electrohydrodynamic jet printing for sensitive detection of yeast," J. Micromech. Microeng 27, (2017)

S. J. Park, A. R. Kim, J. T. Hong, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, "Crystallization kinetics of lead halide perovskite film monitored by in-situ terahertz spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 8, 401‒406 (2017)
[Crossref]

S. J. Park, S. A. N. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, "Effective sensing volume of terahertz metamaterial with various gap widths," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 20, 628‒632 (2016)
[Crossref]

S. J. Park, S. A. N. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, "Dielectric constant measurements of thin films and liquids using terahertz metamaterials," RSC Adv. 6, 69381‒69386 (2016)
[Crossref]

S. J. Park, S. W. Jun, A. R. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, "Terahertz metamaterial sensing on polystyrene microbeads: Shape dependence," Opt. Mater. Express 5, 2150‒2155 (2015)
[Crossref]

S. J. Park, B. H. Son, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, "Sensitive detection of yeast using terahertz slot antennas," Opt. Express 22, 30467‒30472 (2014)
[Crossref]

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, "Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials," Sci. Rep. 4, 4988 (2014)

J. T. Hong, K. M. Lee, B. H. Son, S. J. Park, D. J. Park, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, "Terahertz conductivity of reduced graphene oxide films," Opt. Express 21, 7633‒7640 (2013)
[Crossref]

Arnone, D.

R. Woodward, V. Wallace, D. Arnone, E. Linfield, M. Pepper, "Terahertz pulsed imaging of skin cancer in the time and frequency domain," J. Biol. Phys. 29, 257‒259 (2003)
[Crossref]

Averitt, R. D.

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, J. F. O’Hara, A. J. Taylor, "Electromagnetic metamaterials for terahertz applications," Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 42‒50 (2008)

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, "Active terahertz meta-material devices," Nat. 444, 597‒600 (2006)
[Crossref]

Basilio, L. I.

Boreman, G. D.

Brener, I.

Byun, D.

A. P. Tenggara, S. J. Park, H. T. Yudistira, Y. H. Ahn, D. Byun, "Fabrication of terahertz metamaterials using electrohydrodynamic jet printing for sensitive detection of yeast," J. Micromech. Microeng 27, (2017)

Cha, S. H.

Chen, H. T.

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, J. F. O’Hara, A. J. Taylor, "Electromagnetic metamaterials for terahertz applications," Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 42‒50 (2008)

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, "Active terahertz meta-material devices," Nat. 444, 597‒600 (2006)
[Crossref]

Choi, S. J.

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, "Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials," Sci. Rep. 4, 4988 (2014)

S. J. Park, B. H. Son, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, "Sensitive detection of yeast using terahertz slot antennas," Opt. Express 22, 30467‒30472 (2014)
[Crossref]

Coffey, K. R.

Gossard, A. C.

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, J. F. O’Hara, A. J. Taylor, "Electromagnetic metamaterials for terahertz applications," Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 42‒50 (2008)

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, "Active terahertz meta-material devices," Nat. 444, 597‒600 (2006)
[Crossref]

Han, J.

Han, S. T.

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, "Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials," Sci. Rep. 4, 4988 (2014)

Highstrete, C.

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, J. F. O’Hara, A. J. Taylor, "Electromagnetic metamaterials for terahertz applications," Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 42‒50 (2008)

Holden, A. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. Robbins, W. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory 47, 2075‒2084 (1999)
[Crossref]

Hong, J. T.

S. J. Park, A. R. Kim, J. T. Hong, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, "Crystallization kinetics of lead halide perovskite film monitored by in-situ terahertz spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 8, 401‒406 (2017)
[Crossref]

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, "Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials," Sci. Rep. 4, 4988 (2014)

J. T. Hong, K. M. Lee, B. H. Son, S. J. Park, D. J. Park, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, "Terahertz conductivity of reduced graphene oxide films," Opt. Express 21, 7633‒7640 (2013)
[Crossref]

Inoue, H.

Jun, S. W.

Kawase, K.

Kim, A. R.

S. J. Park, A. R. Kim, J. T. Hong, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, "Crystallization kinetics of lead halide perovskite film monitored by in-situ terahertz spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 8, 401‒406 (2017)
[Crossref]

S. J. Park, S. W. Jun, A. R. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, "Terahertz metamaterial sensing on polystyrene microbeads: Shape dependence," Opt. Mater. Express 5, 2150‒2155 (2015)
[Crossref]

Kim, D. S.

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, "Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials," Sci. Rep. 4, 4988 (2014)

Kim, H. S.

S. J. Park, B. H. Son, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, "Sensitive detection of yeast using terahertz slot antennas," Opt. Express 22, 30467‒30472 (2014)
[Crossref]

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, "Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials," Sci. Rep. 4, 4988 (2014)

Lee, K. M.

Lee, M.

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, J. F. O’Hara, A. J. Taylor, "Electromagnetic metamaterials for terahertz applications," Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 42‒50 (2008)

Lee, S.

S. J. Park, A. R. Kim, J. T. Hong, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, "Crystallization kinetics of lead halide perovskite film monitored by in-situ terahertz spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 8, 401‒406 (2017)
[Crossref]

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, "Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials," Sci. Rep. 4, 4988 (2014)

J. T. Hong, K. M. Lee, B. H. Son, S. J. Park, D. J. Park, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, "Terahertz conductivity of reduced graphene oxide films," Opt. Express 21, 7633‒7640 (2013)
[Crossref]

Linfield, E.

R. Woodward, V. Wallace, D. Arnone, E. Linfield, M. Pepper, "Terahertz pulsed imaging of skin cancer in the time and frequency domain," J. Biol. Phys. 29, 257‒259 (2003)
[Crossref]

MacColl, R.

A. Menikh, R. MacColl, C. A. Mannella, X. C. Zhang, "Terahertz biosensing technology: Frontiers and progress," Chemphyschem 3, 655‒658 (2002)
[Crossref]

Mannella, C. A.

A. Menikh, R. MacColl, C. A. Mannella, X. C. Zhang, "Terahertz biosensing technology: Frontiers and progress," Chemphyschem 3, 655‒658 (2002)
[Crossref]

Menikh, A.

A. Menikh, R. MacColl, C. A. Mannella, X. C. Zhang, "Terahertz biosensing technology: Frontiers and progress," Chemphyschem 3, 655‒658 (2002)
[Crossref]

O’Hara, J. F.

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, J. F. O’Hara, A. J. Taylor, "Electromagnetic metamaterials for terahertz applications," Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 42‒50 (2008)

Ogawa, Y.

O'Hara, J. F.

Padilla, W. J.

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, J. F. O’Hara, A. J. Taylor, "Electromagnetic metamaterials for terahertz applications," Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 42‒50 (2008)

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, "Active terahertz meta-material devices," Nat. 444, 597‒600 (2006)
[Crossref]

Park, D. J.

Park, J. Y.

S. J. Park, A. R. Kim, J. T. Hong, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, "Crystallization kinetics of lead halide perovskite film monitored by in-situ terahertz spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 8, 401‒406 (2017)
[Crossref]

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, "Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials," Sci. Rep. 4, 4988 (2014)

J. T. Hong, K. M. Lee, B. H. Son, S. J. Park, D. J. Park, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, "Terahertz conductivity of reduced graphene oxide films," Opt. Express 21, 7633‒7640 (2013)
[Crossref]

Park, S. J.

S. J. Park, A. R. Kim, J. T. Hong, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, "Crystallization kinetics of lead halide perovskite film monitored by in-situ terahertz spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 8, 401‒406 (2017)
[Crossref]

S. J. Park, S. H. Cha, G. A. Shin, Y. H. Ahn, "Sensing viruses using terahertz nano-gap metamaterials," Biomed. Opt. Express 8, 3551‒3558 (2017)
[Crossref]

A. P. Tenggara, S. J. Park, H. T. Yudistira, Y. H. Ahn, D. Byun, "Fabrication of terahertz metamaterials using electrohydrodynamic jet printing for sensitive detection of yeast," J. Micromech. Microeng 27, (2017)

S. J. Park, S. A. N. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, "Effective sensing volume of terahertz metamaterial with various gap widths," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 20, 628‒632 (2016)
[Crossref]

S. J. Park, S. A. N. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, "Dielectric constant measurements of thin films and liquids using terahertz metamaterials," RSC Adv. 6, 69381‒69386 (2016)
[Crossref]

S. J. Park, S. W. Jun, A. R. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, "Terahertz metamaterial sensing on polystyrene microbeads: Shape dependence," Opt. Mater. Express 5, 2150‒2155 (2015)
[Crossref]

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, "Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials," Sci. Rep. 4, 4988 (2014)

S. J. Park, B. H. Son, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, "Sensitive detection of yeast using terahertz slot antennas," Opt. Express 22, 30467‒30472 (2014)
[Crossref]

J. T. Hong, K. M. Lee, B. H. Son, S. J. Park, D. J. Park, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, "Terahertz conductivity of reduced graphene oxide films," Opt. Express 21, 7633‒7640 (2013)
[Crossref]

Park, W. K.

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, "Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials," Sci. Rep. 4, 4988 (2014)

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, D. R. Smith, "Controlling electromagnetic fields," Sci. 312, 1780‒1782 (2006)
[Crossref]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. Robbins, W. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory 47, 2075‒2084 (1999)
[Crossref]

Pepper, M.

R. Woodward, V. Wallace, D. Arnone, E. Linfield, M. Pepper, "Terahertz pulsed imaging of skin cancer in the time and frequency domain," J. Biol. Phys. 29, 257‒259 (2003)
[Crossref]

Peters, D. W.

Robbins, D.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. Robbins, W. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory 47, 2075‒2084 (1999)
[Crossref]

Schultz, S.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Sci. 292, 77‒79 (2001)
[Crossref]

Schurig, D.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, D. R. Smith, "Controlling electromagnetic fields," Sci. 312, 1780‒1782 (2006)
[Crossref]

Shelby, R. A.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Sci. 292, 77‒79 (2001)
[Crossref]

Shelton, D. J.

Shin, G. A.

Sinclair, M. B.

Singh, R.

Smirnova, E.

Smith, D. R.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, D. R. Smith, "Controlling electromagnetic fields," Sci. 312, 1780‒1782 (2006)
[Crossref]

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Sci. 292, 77‒79 (2001)
[Crossref]

Son, B. H.

Stewart, W.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. Robbins, W. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory 47, 2075‒2084 (1999)
[Crossref]

Taylor, A. J.

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, J. F. O’Hara, A. J. Taylor, "Electromagnetic metamaterials for terahertz applications," Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 42‒50 (2008)

J. F. O'Hara, R. Singh, I. Brener, E. Smirnova, J. Han, A. J. Taylor, W. Zhang, "Thin-film sensing with planar terahertz metamaterials: sensitivity and limitations," Opt. Express 16, 1786‒1795 (2008)
[Crossref]

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, "Active terahertz meta-material devices," Nat. 444, 597‒600 (2006)
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Tenggara, A. P.

A. P. Tenggara, S. J. Park, H. T. Yudistira, Y. H. Ahn, D. Byun, "Fabrication of terahertz metamaterials using electrohydrodynamic jet printing for sensitive detection of yeast," J. Micromech. Microeng 27, (2017)

Tonouchi, M.

M. Tonouchi, "Cutting-edge terahertz technology," Nat. Photon. 1, 97‒105 (2007)
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Wallace, V.

R. Woodward, V. Wallace, D. Arnone, E. Linfield, M. Pepper, "Terahertz pulsed imaging of skin cancer in the time and frequency domain," J. Biol. Phys. 29, 257‒259 (2003)
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Warne, L. K.

Watanabe, Y.

Woodward, R.

R. Woodward, V. Wallace, D. Arnone, E. Linfield, M. Pepper, "Terahertz pulsed imaging of skin cancer in the time and frequency domain," J. Biol. Phys. 29, 257‒259 (2003)
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Yoon, S. A. N.

S. J. Park, S. A. N. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, "Dielectric constant measurements of thin films and liquids using terahertz metamaterials," RSC Adv. 6, 69381‒69386 (2016)
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S. J. Park, S. A. N. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, "Effective sensing volume of terahertz metamaterial with various gap widths," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 20, 628‒632 (2016)
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Yudistira, H. T.

A. P. Tenggara, S. J. Park, H. T. Yudistira, Y. H. Ahn, D. Byun, "Fabrication of terahertz metamaterials using electrohydrodynamic jet printing for sensitive detection of yeast," J. Micromech. Microeng 27, (2017)

Zhang, W.

Zhang, X. C.

A. Menikh, R. MacColl, C. A. Mannella, X. C. Zhang, "Terahertz biosensing technology: Frontiers and progress," Chemphyschem 3, 655‒658 (2002)
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Zide, J. M. O.

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, "Active terahertz meta-material devices," Nat. 444, 597‒600 (2006)
[Crossref]

Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

Chemphyschem (1)

A. Menikh, R. MacColl, C. A. Mannella, X. C. Zhang, "Terahertz biosensing technology: Frontiers and progress," Chemphyschem 3, 655‒658 (2002)
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory (1)

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. Robbins, W. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory 47, 2075‒2084 (1999)
[Crossref]

J. Biol. Phys. (1)

R. Woodward, V. Wallace, D. Arnone, E. Linfield, M. Pepper, "Terahertz pulsed imaging of skin cancer in the time and frequency domain," J. Biol. Phys. 29, 257‒259 (2003)
[Crossref]

J. Micromech. Microeng (1)

A. P. Tenggara, S. J. Park, H. T. Yudistira, Y. H. Ahn, D. Byun, "Fabrication of terahertz metamaterials using electrohydrodynamic jet printing for sensitive detection of yeast," J. Micromech. Microeng 27, (2017)

J. Opt. Soc. Korea (1)

J. Phys. Chem. Lett. (1)

S. J. Park, A. R. Kim, J. T. Hong, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, Y. H. Ahn, "Crystallization kinetics of lead halide perovskite film monitored by in-situ terahertz spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 8, 401‒406 (2017)
[Crossref]

Nat. (1)

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, "Active terahertz meta-material devices," Nat. 444, 597‒600 (2006)
[Crossref]

Nat. Photon. (1)

M. Tonouchi, "Cutting-edge terahertz technology," Nat. Photon. 1, 97‒105 (2007)
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

RSC Adv. (1)

S. J. Park, S. A. N. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, "Dielectric constant measurements of thin films and liquids using terahertz metamaterials," RSC Adv. 6, 69381‒69386 (2016)
[Crossref]

Sci. (2)

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, D. R. Smith, "Controlling electromagnetic fields," Sci. 312, 1780‒1782 (2006)
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R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Sci. 292, 77‒79 (2001)
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Sci. Rep. (1)

S. J. Park, J. T. Hong, S. J. Choi, H. S. Kim, W. K. Park, S. T. Han, J. Y. Park, S. Lee, D. S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, "Detection of microorganisms using terahertz metamaterials," Sci. Rep. 4, 4988 (2014)

Terahertz Sci. Technol. (1)

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, J. F. O’Hara, A. J. Taylor, "Electromagnetic metamaterials for terahertz applications," Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 42‒50 (2008)

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