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Fast Measurement of Eyebox and Field of View (FOV) of Virtual and Augmented Reality Devices Using the Ray Trajectories Extending from Positions on Virtual Image

Open Access Open Access

Abstract

Exact optical characterization of virtual and augmented reality devices using conventional luminance measuring methods is a time-consuming process. A new measurement method is proposed to estimate in a relatively short time the boundary of ray trajectories emitting from a specific position on a virtual images. It is assumed that the virtual image can be modeled to be formed in front of one’s eyes and seen through some optical aperture (field stop) that limits the field of view. Circular and rectangular shaped virtual images were investigated. From the estimated ray boundary, optical characteristics, such as the viewing direction and three dimensional range inside which a eye can observe the specified positions of the virtual image, were derived. The proposed method can provide useful data for avoiding the unnecessary measurements required for the previously reported method. Therefore, this method can be complementary to the previously reported method for reducing the whole measurement time of optical characteristics.

© 2020 Optical Society of Korea

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References

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    [Crossref]
  2. B. Kress, T. Starner, "A review of head-mounted displays (HMD) technologies and applications for consumer electronics," Proc. SPIE 8720, 87200A (2013)
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  9. K. Oshima, K. Naruse, K. Tsurutani, J. Iwai, T. Totani, S. Uehara, S. Ouchi, Y. Shibahara, H. Takenaka, Y. Sato, T. Kozakai, M. Kurashige, H. Wakemoto, "79-3: Eyewear display measurement method: Entrance pupil size dependence in measurement equipment," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 47, 1064‒1067 (2016)
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2019 (1)

J. Penczek, M. Hasan, B. S. Denning, R. Calpito, R. L. Austin, P. A. Boynton, "31-2: Measuring interocular geometric distortion of near-eye displays," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 50, 430‒433 (2019)
[Crossref]

2018 (1)

R. L. Austin, B. S. Denning, B. C. Drews, V. B. Fedoriouk, R. C. Calpito, "Qualified viewing space determination of near-eye and head-up displays," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 26, 567‒575 (2018)
[Crossref]

2017 (3)

K. Tsurutani, K. Naruse, K. Oshima, S. Uehara, Y. Sato, K. Inoguchi, K. Otsuka, H. Wakemoto, M. Kurashige, O. Sato, M. Cho, S. Ouchi, H. Oka, "65-2: Optical attachment to measure both eye-box/FOV characteristics for AR/VR eyewear displays," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 48, 954‒957 (2017)
[Crossref]

J. Penczek, P. A. Boynton, F. M. Meyer, E. L. Heft, R. L. Austin, T. A. Lianza, L. V. Leibfried, L. W. Gacy, "Absolute radiometric and photometric measurements of near-eye displays," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 25, 215‒221 (2017)
[Crossref]

R. L. Austin, B. Drews, T. Vogt, V. Fedoriouk, B. Denning, F. Vachlin, "Spectroradiometric measurements of neareye and head up display," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 48, 958‒960 (2017)
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

K. Oshima, K. Naruse, K. Tsurutani, J. Iwai, T. Totani, S. Uehara, S. Ouchi, Y. Shibahara, H. Takenaka, Y. Sato, T. Kozakai, M. Kurashige, H. Wakemoto, "79-3: Eyewear display measurement method: Entrance pupil size dependence in measurement equipment," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 47, 1064‒1067 (2016)
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

M. B. Spitzer, "18.4: Invited paper: Development of eyewear display systems: A long journey," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 45, 230‒233 (2014)
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

B. Kress, T. Starner, "A review of head-mounted displays (HMD) technologies and applications for consumer electronics," Proc. SPIE 8720, 87200A (2013)

2010 (1)

T. Järvenpää, M. Pölönen, "Optical characterization and ergonomical factors of near-to-eye displays," J. Soc. Inf. Disp 18, 285‒292 (2010)
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

O. Cakmakci, J. Rolland, "Head-worn displays: a review," J. Disp. Technol. 2, 199‒216 (2006)
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

D. A. Fellowes, R. S. Draper, "Near-to-eye display test station," Proc. SPIE 5079, 51‒62 (2003)

Austin, R. L.

J. Penczek, M. Hasan, B. S. Denning, R. Calpito, R. L. Austin, P. A. Boynton, "31-2: Measuring interocular geometric distortion of near-eye displays," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 50, 430‒433 (2019)
[Crossref]

R. L. Austin, B. S. Denning, B. C. Drews, V. B. Fedoriouk, R. C. Calpito, "Qualified viewing space determination of near-eye and head-up displays," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 26, 567‒575 (2018)
[Crossref]

J. Penczek, P. A. Boynton, F. M. Meyer, E. L. Heft, R. L. Austin, T. A. Lianza, L. V. Leibfried, L. W. Gacy, "Absolute radiometric and photometric measurements of near-eye displays," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 25, 215‒221 (2017)
[Crossref]

R. L. Austin, B. Drews, T. Vogt, V. Fedoriouk, B. Denning, F. Vachlin, "Spectroradiometric measurements of neareye and head up display," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 48, 958‒960 (2017)
[Crossref]

Boynton, P. A.

J. Penczek, M. Hasan, B. S. Denning, R. Calpito, R. L. Austin, P. A. Boynton, "31-2: Measuring interocular geometric distortion of near-eye displays," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 50, 430‒433 (2019)
[Crossref]

J. Penczek, P. A. Boynton, F. M. Meyer, E. L. Heft, R. L. Austin, T. A. Lianza, L. V. Leibfried, L. W. Gacy, "Absolute radiometric and photometric measurements of near-eye displays," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 25, 215‒221 (2017)
[Crossref]

Cakmakci, O.

O. Cakmakci, J. Rolland, "Head-worn displays: a review," J. Disp. Technol. 2, 199‒216 (2006)
[Crossref]

Calpito, R.

J. Penczek, M. Hasan, B. S. Denning, R. Calpito, R. L. Austin, P. A. Boynton, "31-2: Measuring interocular geometric distortion of near-eye displays," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 50, 430‒433 (2019)
[Crossref]

Calpito, R. C.

R. L. Austin, B. S. Denning, B. C. Drews, V. B. Fedoriouk, R. C. Calpito, "Qualified viewing space determination of near-eye and head-up displays," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 26, 567‒575 (2018)
[Crossref]

Cho, M.

K. Tsurutani, K. Naruse, K. Oshima, S. Uehara, Y. Sato, K. Inoguchi, K. Otsuka, H. Wakemoto, M. Kurashige, O. Sato, M. Cho, S. Ouchi, H. Oka, "65-2: Optical attachment to measure both eye-box/FOV characteristics for AR/VR eyewear displays," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 48, 954‒957 (2017)
[Crossref]

Denning, B.

R. L. Austin, B. Drews, T. Vogt, V. Fedoriouk, B. Denning, F. Vachlin, "Spectroradiometric measurements of neareye and head up display," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 48, 958‒960 (2017)
[Crossref]

Denning, B. S.

J. Penczek, M. Hasan, B. S. Denning, R. Calpito, R. L. Austin, P. A. Boynton, "31-2: Measuring interocular geometric distortion of near-eye displays," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 50, 430‒433 (2019)
[Crossref]

R. L. Austin, B. S. Denning, B. C. Drews, V. B. Fedoriouk, R. C. Calpito, "Qualified viewing space determination of near-eye and head-up displays," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 26, 567‒575 (2018)
[Crossref]

Draper, R. S.

D. A. Fellowes, R. S. Draper, "Near-to-eye display test station," Proc. SPIE 5079, 51‒62 (2003)

Drews, B.

R. L. Austin, B. Drews, T. Vogt, V. Fedoriouk, B. Denning, F. Vachlin, "Spectroradiometric measurements of neareye and head up display," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 48, 958‒960 (2017)
[Crossref]

Drews, B. C.

R. L. Austin, B. S. Denning, B. C. Drews, V. B. Fedoriouk, R. C. Calpito, "Qualified viewing space determination of near-eye and head-up displays," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 26, 567‒575 (2018)
[Crossref]

Fedoriouk, V.

R. L. Austin, B. Drews, T. Vogt, V. Fedoriouk, B. Denning, F. Vachlin, "Spectroradiometric measurements of neareye and head up display," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 48, 958‒960 (2017)
[Crossref]

Fedoriouk, V. B.

R. L. Austin, B. S. Denning, B. C. Drews, V. B. Fedoriouk, R. C. Calpito, "Qualified viewing space determination of near-eye and head-up displays," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 26, 567‒575 (2018)
[Crossref]

Fellowes, D. A.

D. A. Fellowes, R. S. Draper, "Near-to-eye display test station," Proc. SPIE 5079, 51‒62 (2003)

Gacy, L. W.

J. Penczek, P. A. Boynton, F. M. Meyer, E. L. Heft, R. L. Austin, T. A. Lianza, L. V. Leibfried, L. W. Gacy, "Absolute radiometric and photometric measurements of near-eye displays," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 25, 215‒221 (2017)
[Crossref]

Hasan, M.

J. Penczek, M. Hasan, B. S. Denning, R. Calpito, R. L. Austin, P. A. Boynton, "31-2: Measuring interocular geometric distortion of near-eye displays," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 50, 430‒433 (2019)
[Crossref]

Heft, E. L.

J. Penczek, P. A. Boynton, F. M. Meyer, E. L. Heft, R. L. Austin, T. A. Lianza, L. V. Leibfried, L. W. Gacy, "Absolute radiometric and photometric measurements of near-eye displays," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 25, 215‒221 (2017)
[Crossref]

Hong, H.

H. Hong, "Novel method for the fast measurement of the three dimensional range of the eyebox of a VR device," J. Soc. Inf. Display
[Crossref]

Inoguchi, K.

K. Tsurutani, K. Naruse, K. Oshima, S. Uehara, Y. Sato, K. Inoguchi, K. Otsuka, H. Wakemoto, M. Kurashige, O. Sato, M. Cho, S. Ouchi, H. Oka, "65-2: Optical attachment to measure both eye-box/FOV characteristics for AR/VR eyewear displays," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 48, 954‒957 (2017)
[Crossref]

Iwai, J.

K. Oshima, K. Naruse, K. Tsurutani, J. Iwai, T. Totani, S. Uehara, S. Ouchi, Y. Shibahara, H. Takenaka, Y. Sato, T. Kozakai, M. Kurashige, H. Wakemoto, "79-3: Eyewear display measurement method: Entrance pupil size dependence in measurement equipment," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 47, 1064‒1067 (2016)
[Crossref]

Järvenpää, T.

T. Järvenpää, M. Pölönen, "Optical characterization and ergonomical factors of near-to-eye displays," J. Soc. Inf. Disp 18, 285‒292 (2010)
[Crossref]

Kozakai, T.

K. Oshima, K. Naruse, K. Tsurutani, J. Iwai, T. Totani, S. Uehara, S. Ouchi, Y. Shibahara, H. Takenaka, Y. Sato, T. Kozakai, M. Kurashige, H. Wakemoto, "79-3: Eyewear display measurement method: Entrance pupil size dependence in measurement equipment," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 47, 1064‒1067 (2016)
[Crossref]

Kress, B.

B. Kress, T. Starner, "A review of head-mounted displays (HMD) technologies and applications for consumer electronics," Proc. SPIE 8720, 87200A (2013)

Kurashige, M.

K. Tsurutani, K. Naruse, K. Oshima, S. Uehara, Y. Sato, K. Inoguchi, K. Otsuka, H. Wakemoto, M. Kurashige, O. Sato, M. Cho, S. Ouchi, H. Oka, "65-2: Optical attachment to measure both eye-box/FOV characteristics for AR/VR eyewear displays," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 48, 954‒957 (2017)
[Crossref]

K. Oshima, K. Naruse, K. Tsurutani, J. Iwai, T. Totani, S. Uehara, S. Ouchi, Y. Shibahara, H. Takenaka, Y. Sato, T. Kozakai, M. Kurashige, H. Wakemoto, "79-3: Eyewear display measurement method: Entrance pupil size dependence in measurement equipment," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 47, 1064‒1067 (2016)
[Crossref]

Leibfried, L. V.

J. Penczek, P. A. Boynton, F. M. Meyer, E. L. Heft, R. L. Austin, T. A. Lianza, L. V. Leibfried, L. W. Gacy, "Absolute radiometric and photometric measurements of near-eye displays," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 25, 215‒221 (2017)
[Crossref]

Lianza, T. A.

J. Penczek, P. A. Boynton, F. M. Meyer, E. L. Heft, R. L. Austin, T. A. Lianza, L. V. Leibfried, L. W. Gacy, "Absolute radiometric and photometric measurements of near-eye displays," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 25, 215‒221 (2017)
[Crossref]

Meyer, F. M.

J. Penczek, P. A. Boynton, F. M. Meyer, E. L. Heft, R. L. Austin, T. A. Lianza, L. V. Leibfried, L. W. Gacy, "Absolute radiometric and photometric measurements of near-eye displays," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 25, 215‒221 (2017)
[Crossref]

Naruse, K.

K. Tsurutani, K. Naruse, K. Oshima, S. Uehara, Y. Sato, K. Inoguchi, K. Otsuka, H. Wakemoto, M. Kurashige, O. Sato, M. Cho, S. Ouchi, H. Oka, "65-2: Optical attachment to measure both eye-box/FOV characteristics for AR/VR eyewear displays," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 48, 954‒957 (2017)
[Crossref]

K. Oshima, K. Naruse, K. Tsurutani, J. Iwai, T. Totani, S. Uehara, S. Ouchi, Y. Shibahara, H. Takenaka, Y. Sato, T. Kozakai, M. Kurashige, H. Wakemoto, "79-3: Eyewear display measurement method: Entrance pupil size dependence in measurement equipment," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 47, 1064‒1067 (2016)
[Crossref]

Oka, H.

K. Tsurutani, K. Naruse, K. Oshima, S. Uehara, Y. Sato, K. Inoguchi, K. Otsuka, H. Wakemoto, M. Kurashige, O. Sato, M. Cho, S. Ouchi, H. Oka, "65-2: Optical attachment to measure both eye-box/FOV characteristics for AR/VR eyewear displays," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 48, 954‒957 (2017)
[Crossref]

Oshima, K.

K. Tsurutani, K. Naruse, K. Oshima, S. Uehara, Y. Sato, K. Inoguchi, K. Otsuka, H. Wakemoto, M. Kurashige, O. Sato, M. Cho, S. Ouchi, H. Oka, "65-2: Optical attachment to measure both eye-box/FOV characteristics for AR/VR eyewear displays," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 48, 954‒957 (2017)
[Crossref]

K. Oshima, K. Naruse, K. Tsurutani, J. Iwai, T. Totani, S. Uehara, S. Ouchi, Y. Shibahara, H. Takenaka, Y. Sato, T. Kozakai, M. Kurashige, H. Wakemoto, "79-3: Eyewear display measurement method: Entrance pupil size dependence in measurement equipment," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 47, 1064‒1067 (2016)
[Crossref]

Otsuka, K.

K. Tsurutani, K. Naruse, K. Oshima, S. Uehara, Y. Sato, K. Inoguchi, K. Otsuka, H. Wakemoto, M. Kurashige, O. Sato, M. Cho, S. Ouchi, H. Oka, "65-2: Optical attachment to measure both eye-box/FOV characteristics for AR/VR eyewear displays," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 48, 954‒957 (2017)
[Crossref]

Ouchi, S.

K. Tsurutani, K. Naruse, K. Oshima, S. Uehara, Y. Sato, K. Inoguchi, K. Otsuka, H. Wakemoto, M. Kurashige, O. Sato, M. Cho, S. Ouchi, H. Oka, "65-2: Optical attachment to measure both eye-box/FOV characteristics for AR/VR eyewear displays," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 48, 954‒957 (2017)
[Crossref]

K. Oshima, K. Naruse, K. Tsurutani, J. Iwai, T. Totani, S. Uehara, S. Ouchi, Y. Shibahara, H. Takenaka, Y. Sato, T. Kozakai, M. Kurashige, H. Wakemoto, "79-3: Eyewear display measurement method: Entrance pupil size dependence in measurement equipment," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 47, 1064‒1067 (2016)
[Crossref]

Penczek, J.

J. Penczek, M. Hasan, B. S. Denning, R. Calpito, R. L. Austin, P. A. Boynton, "31-2: Measuring interocular geometric distortion of near-eye displays," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 50, 430‒433 (2019)
[Crossref]

J. Penczek, P. A. Boynton, F. M. Meyer, E. L. Heft, R. L. Austin, T. A. Lianza, L. V. Leibfried, L. W. Gacy, "Absolute radiometric and photometric measurements of near-eye displays," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 25, 215‒221 (2017)
[Crossref]

Pölönen, M.

T. Järvenpää, M. Pölönen, "Optical characterization and ergonomical factors of near-to-eye displays," J. Soc. Inf. Disp 18, 285‒292 (2010)
[Crossref]

Rolland, J.

O. Cakmakci, J. Rolland, "Head-worn displays: a review," J. Disp. Technol. 2, 199‒216 (2006)
[Crossref]

Sato, O.

K. Tsurutani, K. Naruse, K. Oshima, S. Uehara, Y. Sato, K. Inoguchi, K. Otsuka, H. Wakemoto, M. Kurashige, O. Sato, M. Cho, S. Ouchi, H. Oka, "65-2: Optical attachment to measure both eye-box/FOV characteristics for AR/VR eyewear displays," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 48, 954‒957 (2017)
[Crossref]

Sato, Y.

K. Tsurutani, K. Naruse, K. Oshima, S. Uehara, Y. Sato, K. Inoguchi, K. Otsuka, H. Wakemoto, M. Kurashige, O. Sato, M. Cho, S. Ouchi, H. Oka, "65-2: Optical attachment to measure both eye-box/FOV characteristics for AR/VR eyewear displays," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 48, 954‒957 (2017)
[Crossref]

K. Oshima, K. Naruse, K. Tsurutani, J. Iwai, T. Totani, S. Uehara, S. Ouchi, Y. Shibahara, H. Takenaka, Y. Sato, T. Kozakai, M. Kurashige, H. Wakemoto, "79-3: Eyewear display measurement method: Entrance pupil size dependence in measurement equipment," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 47, 1064‒1067 (2016)
[Crossref]

Shibahara, Y.

K. Oshima, K. Naruse, K. Tsurutani, J. Iwai, T. Totani, S. Uehara, S. Ouchi, Y. Shibahara, H. Takenaka, Y. Sato, T. Kozakai, M. Kurashige, H. Wakemoto, "79-3: Eyewear display measurement method: Entrance pupil size dependence in measurement equipment," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 47, 1064‒1067 (2016)
[Crossref]

Spitzer, M. B.

M. B. Spitzer, "18.4: Invited paper: Development of eyewear display systems: A long journey," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 45, 230‒233 (2014)
[Crossref]

Starner, T.

B. Kress, T. Starner, "A review of head-mounted displays (HMD) technologies and applications for consumer electronics," Proc. SPIE 8720, 87200A (2013)

Takenaka, H.

K. Oshima, K. Naruse, K. Tsurutani, J. Iwai, T. Totani, S. Uehara, S. Ouchi, Y. Shibahara, H. Takenaka, Y. Sato, T. Kozakai, M. Kurashige, H. Wakemoto, "79-3: Eyewear display measurement method: Entrance pupil size dependence in measurement equipment," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 47, 1064‒1067 (2016)
[Crossref]

Totani, T.

K. Oshima, K. Naruse, K. Tsurutani, J. Iwai, T. Totani, S. Uehara, S. Ouchi, Y. Shibahara, H. Takenaka, Y. Sato, T. Kozakai, M. Kurashige, H. Wakemoto, "79-3: Eyewear display measurement method: Entrance pupil size dependence in measurement equipment," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 47, 1064‒1067 (2016)
[Crossref]

Tsurutani, K.

K. Tsurutani, K. Naruse, K. Oshima, S. Uehara, Y. Sato, K. Inoguchi, K. Otsuka, H. Wakemoto, M. Kurashige, O. Sato, M. Cho, S. Ouchi, H. Oka, "65-2: Optical attachment to measure both eye-box/FOV characteristics for AR/VR eyewear displays," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 48, 954‒957 (2017)
[Crossref]

K. Oshima, K. Naruse, K. Tsurutani, J. Iwai, T. Totani, S. Uehara, S. Ouchi, Y. Shibahara, H. Takenaka, Y. Sato, T. Kozakai, M. Kurashige, H. Wakemoto, "79-3: Eyewear display measurement method: Entrance pupil size dependence in measurement equipment," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 47, 1064‒1067 (2016)
[Crossref]

Uehara, S.

K. Tsurutani, K. Naruse, K. Oshima, S. Uehara, Y. Sato, K. Inoguchi, K. Otsuka, H. Wakemoto, M. Kurashige, O. Sato, M. Cho, S. Ouchi, H. Oka, "65-2: Optical attachment to measure both eye-box/FOV characteristics for AR/VR eyewear displays," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 48, 954‒957 (2017)
[Crossref]

K. Oshima, K. Naruse, K. Tsurutani, J. Iwai, T. Totani, S. Uehara, S. Ouchi, Y. Shibahara, H. Takenaka, Y. Sato, T. Kozakai, M. Kurashige, H. Wakemoto, "79-3: Eyewear display measurement method: Entrance pupil size dependence in measurement equipment," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 47, 1064‒1067 (2016)
[Crossref]

Vachlin, F.

R. L. Austin, B. Drews, T. Vogt, V. Fedoriouk, B. Denning, F. Vachlin, "Spectroradiometric measurements of neareye and head up display," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 48, 958‒960 (2017)
[Crossref]

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R. L. Austin, B. Drews, T. Vogt, V. Fedoriouk, B. Denning, F. Vachlin, "Spectroradiometric measurements of neareye and head up display," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 48, 958‒960 (2017)
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Wakemoto, H.

K. Tsurutani, K. Naruse, K. Oshima, S. Uehara, Y. Sato, K. Inoguchi, K. Otsuka, H. Wakemoto, M. Kurashige, O. Sato, M. Cho, S. Ouchi, H. Oka, "65-2: Optical attachment to measure both eye-box/FOV characteristics for AR/VR eyewear displays," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 48, 954‒957 (2017)
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K. Oshima, K. Naruse, K. Tsurutani, J. Iwai, T. Totani, S. Uehara, S. Ouchi, Y. Shibahara, H. Takenaka, Y. Sato, T. Kozakai, M. Kurashige, H. Wakemoto, "79-3: Eyewear display measurement method: Entrance pupil size dependence in measurement equipment," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 47, 1064‒1067 (2016)
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T. Järvenpää, M. Pölönen, "Optical characterization and ergonomical factors of near-to-eye displays," J. Soc. Inf. Disp 18, 285‒292 (2010)
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J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (2)

J. Penczek, P. A. Boynton, F. M. Meyer, E. L. Heft, R. L. Austin, T. A. Lianza, L. V. Leibfried, L. W. Gacy, "Absolute radiometric and photometric measurements of near-eye displays," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 25, 215‒221 (2017)
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R. L. Austin, B. S. Denning, B. C. Drews, V. B. Fedoriouk, R. C. Calpito, "Qualified viewing space determination of near-eye and head-up displays," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 26, 567‒575 (2018)
[Crossref]

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H. Hong, "Novel method for the fast measurement of the three dimensional range of the eyebox of a VR device," J. Soc. Inf. Display
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D. A. Fellowes, R. S. Draper, "Near-to-eye display test station," Proc. SPIE 5079, 51‒62 (2003)

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SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. (5)

M. B. Spitzer, "18.4: Invited paper: Development of eyewear display systems: A long journey," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 45, 230‒233 (2014)
[Crossref]

R. L. Austin, B. Drews, T. Vogt, V. Fedoriouk, B. Denning, F. Vachlin, "Spectroradiometric measurements of neareye and head up display," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 48, 958‒960 (2017)
[Crossref]

K. Oshima, K. Naruse, K. Tsurutani, J. Iwai, T. Totani, S. Uehara, S. Ouchi, Y. Shibahara, H. Takenaka, Y. Sato, T. Kozakai, M. Kurashige, H. Wakemoto, "79-3: Eyewear display measurement method: Entrance pupil size dependence in measurement equipment," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 47, 1064‒1067 (2016)
[Crossref]

K. Tsurutani, K. Naruse, K. Oshima, S. Uehara, Y. Sato, K. Inoguchi, K. Otsuka, H. Wakemoto, M. Kurashige, O. Sato, M. Cho, S. Ouchi, H. Oka, "65-2: Optical attachment to measure both eye-box/FOV characteristics for AR/VR eyewear displays," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 48, 954‒957 (2017)
[Crossref]

J. Penczek, M. Hasan, B. S. Denning, R. Calpito, R. L. Austin, P. A. Boynton, "31-2: Measuring interocular geometric distortion of near-eye displays," SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 50, 430‒433 (2019)
[Crossref]

Other (5)

Eyewear display - Part 20-10: Fundamental measurement methods - Optical properties, IEC IS63145-20-10:2019 .

Eyewear display - Part 1-1: Generic introduction .

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