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Optica Publishing Group
  • Current Optics and Photonics
  • Vol. 6,
  • Issue 2,
  • pp. 129-136
  • (2022)

Highly Birefringent Slotted-porous-core Photonic Crystal Fiber with Elliptical-hole Cladding for Terahertz Applications

Open Access Open Access

Abstract

We propose a photonic crystal fiber (PCF) with a slotted porous core and elliptical-hole cladding, for high birefringence in the terahertz regime. Asymmetry in the guided mode is obtained mainly by using arrays of elliptical air holes in the TOPAS® polymer cladding. We investigate the tradeoff between several structural parameters and find optimized values that can have a high birefringence while satisfying the single-mode condition. The optical properties in the terahertz regime are thoroughly analyzed in numerical simulations, using a full-vector finite-element method with the perfectly-matched-layer condition. In an optimal design, the proposed photonic crystal fiber shows a high birefringence of 8.80 × 10−2 and an effective material loss of 0.07 cm−1 at a frequency of 1 THz, satisfying the single-mode-guidance condition at the same time. The proposed PCF would be useful for various polarization-management applications in the terahertz range.

© 2022 Optical Society of Korea

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References

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2021 (3)

S. J. Oh, Y. Hong, K.-Y. Jeong, I. Maeng, J.-S. Suh, J. Yang, Y.-M. Huh, "Characterization of proton-irradiated polyaniline nanoparticles using terahertz thermal spectroscopy," Crystals 11, 765 (2021)
[Crossref]

R. Kaur, M. Islam, P. C. Agarwal, S. Kaur, G. Kumar, "Terahertz surface plasmons propagation in semiconducting parallel plates waveguide configuration," Europhys. Lett. 134, (2021)
[Crossref]

Y. S. Lee, H. Choi, B. Kim, C. Kang, I. Maeng, S. J. Oh, S. Kim, K. Oh, "Low-loss polytetrafluoroethylene hexagonal porous fiber for terahertz pulse transmission in the 6g mobile communication window," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 69, 4623‒4630 (2021)
[Crossref]

2020 (3)

S.-H. Lee, S. Shin, Y. Roh, S. J. Oh, S. H. Lee, H. S. Song, Y.-S. Ryu, Y. K. Kim, M. Seo, "Label-free brain tissue imaging using large-area terahertz metamaterials," Biosens. Bioelectron. 170, (2020)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, L. Xue, D. Qiao, Z. Guang, "Porous photonic-crystal fiber with near-zero ultra-flattened dispersion and high birefringence for polarization-maintaining terahertz transmission," Optik 207, (2020)
[Crossref]

I. K. Yakasai, P. E. Abas, H. Syhaimi, F. Begum, "Low loss and highly birefringent photonic crystal fibre for terahertz applications," Optik 206, (2020)
[Crossref]

2019 (1)

M. A. Habib, M. S. Anower, "Design and numerical analysis of highly birefringent single mode fiber in THz regime," Opt. Fiber Technol. 47, 197‒203 (2019)
[Crossref]

2018 (4)

J. Sultana, Md. S. Islam, M. Faisal, M. R. Islam, B. W.-H. Ng, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Abbott, "Highly birefringent elliptical core photonic crystal fiber for terahertz application," Opt. Commun. 407, 92‒96 (2018)
[Crossref]

G. Lee, I. Maeng, C. Kang, M.-K. Oh, C.-S. Kee, "Strong polarization-dependent terahertz modulation of aligned Ag nanowires on Si substrate," Opt. Express 26, 13677‒13685 (2018)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. M. Katyba, K. I. Zaytsev, N. V. Chernomyrdin, I. A. Shikunova, G. A. Komandin, V. B. Anzin, S. P. Lebedev, I. E. Spektor, V. E. Karasik, S. O. Yurchenko, I. V. Reshetov, V. N. Kurlov, M. Skorobogatiy, "Sapphire photonic crystal waveguides for terahertz sensing in aggressive environments," Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, (2018)
[Crossref]

L. D. van Putten, J. Gorecki, E. N. Fokoua, V. Apostolopoulos, F. Poletti, "3D-printed polymer antiresonant waveguides for short-reach terahertz applications," Appl. Opt. 57, 3953‒3958 (2018)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (3)

2015 (3)

T. Yilmaz, O. B. Akan, "On the use of low terahertz band for 5G indoor mobile networks," Comput. Electr. Eng. 48, 164‒173 (2015)
[Crossref]

M. D'Auria, W. J. Otter, J. Hazell, B. T. W. Gillatt, C. Long-Collins, N. M. Ridler, S. Lucyszyn, "3-D printed metal-pipe rectangular waveguides," IEEE Trans. Compon. Packag. Manuf. Technol. 5, 1339‒1349 (2015)
[Crossref]

Y. S. Lee, C. G. Lee, Y. Jung, S. Kim, "Diamond unit cell photonic crystal fiber with high birefringence and low confinement loss based on circular air holes," Appl. Opt. 54, 6140‒6145 (2015)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

S. Li, H. Liu, N. Huang, Q. Sun, "Broadband high birefringence and low dispersion terahertz photonic crystal fiber," J. Opt. 16, (2014)
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

S. Atakaramians, S. Afshar V., T. M. Monro, D. Abbott, "Terahertz dielectric waveguides," Adv. Opt. Photonics 5, 169‒215 (2013)
[Crossref]

S. F. Kaijage, Z. Ouyang, X. Jin, "Porous-core photonic crystal fiber for low loss terahertz wave guiding," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25, 1454‒1457 (2013)
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2005 (1)

R. T. Bise, D. J. Trevor, "Sol-gel derived microstructured fiber: fabrication and characterization," in Optical Fiber Communications Conference-OFC (2005)

2004 (1)

K. Wang, D. M. Mittleman, "Metal wires for terahertz wave guiding," Nature 432, 376‒379 (2004)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

H. Han, H. Park, M. Cho, J. Kim, "Terahertz pulse propagation in a plastic photonic crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2634‒2636 (2002)
[Crossref]

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, H. N. Rutt, "Extruded single-mode non-silica glass holey optical fibers," Electron. Lett. 38, 546‒547 (2002)
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

Abas, P. E.

I. K. Yakasai, P. E. Abas, H. Syhaimi, F. Begum, "Low loss and highly birefringent photonic crystal fibre for terahertz applications," Optik 206, (2020)
[Crossref]

Abbott, D.

J. Sultana, Md. S. Islam, M. Faisal, M. R. Islam, B. W.-H. Ng, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Abbott, "Highly birefringent elliptical core photonic crystal fiber for terahertz application," Opt. Commun. 407, 92‒96 (2018)
[Crossref]

S. Atakaramians, S. Afshar V., T. M. Monro, D. Abbott, "Terahertz dielectric waveguides," Adv. Opt. Photonics 5, 169‒215 (2013)
[Crossref]

Adam, A. J. L.

Agarwal, P. C.

R. Kaur, M. Islam, P. C. Agarwal, S. Kaur, G. Kumar, "Terahertz surface plasmons propagation in semiconducting parallel plates waveguide configuration," Europhys. Lett. 134, (2021)
[Crossref]

Akan, O. B.

T. Yilmaz, O. B. Akan, "On the use of low terahertz band for 5G indoor mobile networks," Comput. Electr. Eng. 48, 164‒173 (2015)
[Crossref]

Anower, M. S.

M. A. Habib, M. S. Anower, "Design and numerical analysis of highly birefringent single mode fiber in THz regime," Opt. Fiber Technol. 47, 197‒203 (2019)
[Crossref]

Anower, Md. S.

Anzin, V. B.

G. M. Katyba, K. I. Zaytsev, N. V. Chernomyrdin, I. A. Shikunova, G. A. Komandin, V. B. Anzin, S. P. Lebedev, I. E. Spektor, V. E. Karasik, S. O. Yurchenko, I. V. Reshetov, V. N. Kurlov, M. Skorobogatiy, "Sapphire photonic crystal waveguides for terahertz sensing in aggressive environments," Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, (2018)
[Crossref]

Apostolopoulos, V.

Argyros, A.

Atakaramians, S.

S. Atakaramians, S. Afshar V., T. M. Monro, D. Abbott, "Terahertz dielectric waveguides," Adv. Opt. Photonics 5, 169‒215 (2013)
[Crossref]

Bang, O.

Bassett, I.

Begum, F.

I. K. Yakasai, P. E. Abas, H. Syhaimi, F. Begum, "Low loss and highly birefringent photonic crystal fibre for terahertz applications," Optik 206, (2020)
[Crossref]

Bise, R. T.

R. T. Bise, D. J. Trevor, "Sol-gel derived microstructured fiber: fabrication and characterization," in Optical Fiber Communications Conference-OFC (2005)

Chernomyrdin, N. V.

G. M. Katyba, K. I. Zaytsev, N. V. Chernomyrdin, I. A. Shikunova, G. A. Komandin, V. B. Anzin, S. P. Lebedev, I. E. Spektor, V. E. Karasik, S. O. Yurchenko, I. V. Reshetov, V. N. Kurlov, M. Skorobogatiy, "Sapphire photonic crystal waveguides for terahertz sensing in aggressive environments," Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, (2018)
[Crossref]

Cho, M.

M. Cho, J. Kim, H. Park, Y. Han, K. Moon, E. Jung, H. Han, "Highly birefringent terahertz polarization maintaining plastic photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 16, 7‒12 (2008)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Han, H. Park, M. Cho, J. Kim, "Terahertz pulse propagation in a plastic photonic crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2634‒2636 (2002)
[Crossref]

Choi, H.

Y. S. Lee, H. Choi, B. Kim, C. Kang, I. Maeng, S. J. Oh, S. Kim, K. Oh, "Low-loss polytetrafluoroethylene hexagonal porous fiber for terahertz pulse transmission in the 6g mobile communication window," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 69, 4623‒4630 (2021)
[Crossref]

D'Auria, M.

M. D'Auria, W. J. Otter, J. Hazell, B. T. W. Gillatt, C. Long-Collins, N. M. Ridler, S. Lucyszyn, "3-D printed metal-pipe rectangular waveguides," IEEE Trans. Compon. Packag. Manuf. Technol. 5, 1339‒1349 (2015)
[Crossref]

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

J. Sultana, Md. S. Islam, M. Faisal, M. R. Islam, B. W.-H. Ng, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Abbott, "Highly birefringent elliptical core photonic crystal fiber for terahertz application," Opt. Commun. 407, 92‒96 (2018)
[Crossref]

Eijkelenborg, M. A. van

Faisal, M.

J. Sultana, Md. S. Islam, M. Faisal, M. R. Islam, B. W.-H. Ng, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Abbott, "Highly birefringent elliptical core photonic crystal fiber for terahertz application," Opt. Commun. 407, 92‒96 (2018)
[Crossref]

Fleming, S.

Fokoua, E. N.

Frampton, K.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, H. N. Rutt, "Extruded single-mode non-silica glass holey optical fibers," Electron. Lett. 38, 546‒547 (2002)
[Crossref]

Gillatt, B. T. W.

M. D'Auria, W. J. Otter, J. Hazell, B. T. W. Gillatt, C. Long-Collins, N. M. Ridler, S. Lucyszyn, "3-D printed metal-pipe rectangular waveguides," IEEE Trans. Compon. Packag. Manuf. Technol. 5, 1339‒1349 (2015)
[Crossref]

Gorecki, J.

Guang, Z.

Y. Zhang, L. Xue, D. Qiao, Z. Guang, "Porous photonic-crystal fiber with near-zero ultra-flattened dispersion and high birefringence for polarization-maintaining terahertz transmission," Optik 207, (2020)
[Crossref]

Habib, M. A.

M. A. Habib, M. S. Anower, "Design and numerical analysis of highly birefringent single mode fiber in THz regime," Opt. Fiber Technol. 47, 197‒203 (2019)
[Crossref]

Habib, M. S.

G. K. M. Hasanuzzaman, S. Rana, M. S. Habib, "A novel low loss highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber in THz regime," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 899‒902 (2016)
[Crossref]

Habib, Md. S.

Han, H.

M. Cho, J. Kim, H. Park, Y. Han, K. Moon, E. Jung, H. Han, "Highly birefringent terahertz polarization maintaining plastic photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 16, 7‒12 (2008)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Han, H. Park, M. Cho, J. Kim, "Terahertz pulse propagation in a plastic photonic crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2634‒2636 (2002)
[Crossref]

Han, Y.

Hasan, Md. R.

Hasanuzzaman, G. K. M.

R. Islam, Md. S. Habib, G. K. M. Hasanuzzaman, S. Rana, M.d. A. Sadath, "Novel porous fiber based on dual-asymmetry for low-loss polarization maintaining THz wave guidance," Opt. Lett. 41, 440‒443 (2016)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. K. M. Hasanuzzaman, S. Rana, M. S. Habib, "A novel low loss highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber in THz regime," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 899‒902 (2016)
[Crossref]

Hazell, J.

M. D'Auria, W. J. Otter, J. Hazell, B. T. W. Gillatt, C. Long-Collins, N. M. Ridler, S. Lucyszyn, "3-D printed metal-pipe rectangular waveguides," IEEE Trans. Compon. Packag. Manuf. Technol. 5, 1339‒1349 (2015)
[Crossref]

Hewak, D. W.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, H. N. Rutt, "Extruded single-mode non-silica glass holey optical fibers," Electron. Lett. 38, 546‒547 (2002)
[Crossref]

Hong, Y.

S. J. Oh, Y. Hong, K.-Y. Jeong, I. Maeng, J.-S. Suh, J. Yang, Y.-M. Huh, "Characterization of proton-irradiated polyaniline nanoparticles using terahertz thermal spectroscopy," Crystals 11, 765 (2021)
[Crossref]

Huang, N.

S. Li, H. Liu, N. Huang, Q. Sun, "Broadband high birefringence and low dispersion terahertz photonic crystal fiber," J. Opt. 16, (2014)
[Crossref]

Huh, Y.-M.

S. J. Oh, Y. Hong, K.-Y. Jeong, I. Maeng, J.-S. Suh, J. Yang, Y.-M. Huh, "Characterization of proton-irradiated polyaniline nanoparticles using terahertz thermal spectroscopy," Crystals 11, 765 (2021)
[Crossref]

Islam, M.

R. Kaur, M. Islam, P. C. Agarwal, S. Kaur, G. Kumar, "Terahertz surface plasmons propagation in semiconducting parallel plates waveguide configuration," Europhys. Lett. 134, (2021)
[Crossref]

Islam, M. R.

J. Sultana, Md. S. Islam, M. Faisal, M. R. Islam, B. W.-H. Ng, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Abbott, "Highly birefringent elliptical core photonic crystal fiber for terahertz application," Opt. Commun. 407, 92‒96 (2018)
[Crossref]

Islam, Md. A.

Islam, Md. S.

J. Sultana, Md. S. Islam, M. Faisal, M. R. Islam, B. W.-H. Ng, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Abbott, "Highly birefringent elliptical core photonic crystal fiber for terahertz application," Opt. Commun. 407, 92‒96 (2018)
[Crossref]

Islam, R.

Issa, N. A.

Jeong, K.-Y.

S. J. Oh, Y. Hong, K.-Y. Jeong, I. Maeng, J.-S. Suh, J. Yang, Y.-M. Huh, "Characterization of proton-irradiated polyaniline nanoparticles using terahertz thermal spectroscopy," Crystals 11, 765 (2021)
[Crossref]

Jepsen, P. U.

Jin, X.

S. F. Kaijage, Z. Ouyang, X. Jin, "Porous-core photonic crystal fiber for low loss terahertz wave guiding," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25, 1454‒1457 (2013)
[Crossref]

Jung, E.

Jung, Y.

Kaijage, S. F.

S. F. Kaijage, Z. Ouyang, X. Jin, "Porous-core photonic crystal fiber for low loss terahertz wave guiding," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25, 1454‒1457 (2013)
[Crossref]

Kang, C.

Y. S. Lee, H. Choi, B. Kim, C. Kang, I. Maeng, S. J. Oh, S. Kim, K. Oh, "Low-loss polytetrafluoroethylene hexagonal porous fiber for terahertz pulse transmission in the 6g mobile communication window," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 69, 4623‒4630 (2021)
[Crossref]

G. Lee, I. Maeng, C. Kang, M.-K. Oh, C.-S. Kee, "Strong polarization-dependent terahertz modulation of aligned Ag nanowires on Si substrate," Opt. Express 26, 13677‒13685 (2018)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Karasik, V. E.

G. M. Katyba, K. I. Zaytsev, N. V. Chernomyrdin, I. A. Shikunova, G. A. Komandin, V. B. Anzin, S. P. Lebedev, I. E. Spektor, V. E. Karasik, S. O. Yurchenko, I. V. Reshetov, V. N. Kurlov, M. Skorobogatiy, "Sapphire photonic crystal waveguides for terahertz sensing in aggressive environments," Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, (2018)
[Crossref]

Katyba, G. M.

G. M. Katyba, K. I. Zaytsev, N. V. Chernomyrdin, I. A. Shikunova, G. A. Komandin, V. B. Anzin, S. P. Lebedev, I. E. Spektor, V. E. Karasik, S. O. Yurchenko, I. V. Reshetov, V. N. Kurlov, M. Skorobogatiy, "Sapphire photonic crystal waveguides for terahertz sensing in aggressive environments," Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, (2018)
[Crossref]

Kaur, R.

R. Kaur, M. Islam, P. C. Agarwal, S. Kaur, G. Kumar, "Terahertz surface plasmons propagation in semiconducting parallel plates waveguide configuration," Europhys. Lett. 134, (2021)
[Crossref]

Kaur, S.

R. Kaur, M. Islam, P. C. Agarwal, S. Kaur, G. Kumar, "Terahertz surface plasmons propagation in semiconducting parallel plates waveguide configuration," Europhys. Lett. 134, (2021)
[Crossref]

Kee, C.-S.

Kiang, K. M.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, H. N. Rutt, "Extruded single-mode non-silica glass holey optical fibers," Electron. Lett. 38, 546‒547 (2002)
[Crossref]

Kim, B.

Y. S. Lee, H. Choi, B. Kim, C. Kang, I. Maeng, S. J. Oh, S. Kim, K. Oh, "Low-loss polytetrafluoroethylene hexagonal porous fiber for terahertz pulse transmission in the 6g mobile communication window," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 69, 4623‒4630 (2021)
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

M. Cho, J. Kim, H. Park, Y. Han, K. Moon, E. Jung, H. Han, "Highly birefringent terahertz polarization maintaining plastic photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 16, 7‒12 (2008)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Han, H. Park, M. Cho, J. Kim, "Terahertz pulse propagation in a plastic photonic crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2634‒2636 (2002)
[Crossref]

Kim, S.

Y. S. Lee, H. Choi, B. Kim, C. Kang, I. Maeng, S. J. Oh, S. Kim, K. Oh, "Low-loss polytetrafluoroethylene hexagonal porous fiber for terahertz pulse transmission in the 6g mobile communication window," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 69, 4623‒4630 (2021)
[Crossref]

Y. S. Lee, C. G. Lee, Y. Jung, S. Kim, "Diamond unit cell photonic crystal fiber with high birefringence and low confinement loss based on circular air holes," Appl. Opt. 54, 6140‒6145 (2015)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, Y. K.

S.-H. Lee, S. Shin, Y. Roh, S. J. Oh, S. H. Lee, H. S. Song, Y.-S. Ryu, Y. K. Kim, M. Seo, "Label-free brain tissue imaging using large-area terahertz metamaterials," Biosens. Bioelectron. 170, (2020)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Komandin, G. A.

G. M. Katyba, K. I. Zaytsev, N. V. Chernomyrdin, I. A. Shikunova, G. A. Komandin, V. B. Anzin, S. P. Lebedev, I. E. Spektor, V. E. Karasik, S. O. Yurchenko, I. V. Reshetov, V. N. Kurlov, M. Skorobogatiy, "Sapphire photonic crystal waveguides for terahertz sensing in aggressive environments," Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, (2018)
[Crossref]

Kumar, G.

R. Kaur, M. Islam, P. C. Agarwal, S. Kaur, G. Kumar, "Terahertz surface plasmons propagation in semiconducting parallel plates waveguide configuration," Europhys. Lett. 134, (2021)
[Crossref]

Kurlov, V. N.

G. M. Katyba, K. I. Zaytsev, N. V. Chernomyrdin, I. A. Shikunova, G. A. Komandin, V. B. Anzin, S. P. Lebedev, I. E. Spektor, V. E. Karasik, S. O. Yurchenko, I. V. Reshetov, V. N. Kurlov, M. Skorobogatiy, "Sapphire photonic crystal waveguides for terahertz sensing in aggressive environments," Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, (2018)
[Crossref]

Large, M. C. J.

Lebedev, S. P.

G. M. Katyba, K. I. Zaytsev, N. V. Chernomyrdin, I. A. Shikunova, G. A. Komandin, V. B. Anzin, S. P. Lebedev, I. E. Spektor, V. E. Karasik, S. O. Yurchenko, I. V. Reshetov, V. N. Kurlov, M. Skorobogatiy, "Sapphire photonic crystal waveguides for terahertz sensing in aggressive environments," Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, (2018)
[Crossref]

Lee, C. G.

Lee, G.

Lee, S. H.

S.-H. Lee, S. Shin, Y. Roh, S. J. Oh, S. H. Lee, H. S. Song, Y.-S. Ryu, Y. K. Kim, M. Seo, "Label-free brain tissue imaging using large-area terahertz metamaterials," Biosens. Bioelectron. 170, (2020)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S.-H.

S.-H. Lee, S. Shin, Y. Roh, S. J. Oh, S. H. Lee, H. S. Song, Y.-S. Ryu, Y. K. Kim, M. Seo, "Label-free brain tissue imaging using large-area terahertz metamaterials," Biosens. Bioelectron. 170, (2020)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, Y. S.

Y. S. Lee, H. Choi, B. Kim, C. Kang, I. Maeng, S. J. Oh, S. Kim, K. Oh, "Low-loss polytetrafluoroethylene hexagonal porous fiber for terahertz pulse transmission in the 6g mobile communication window," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 69, 4623‒4630 (2021)
[Crossref]

Y. S. Lee, C. G. Lee, Y. Jung, S. Kim, "Diamond unit cell photonic crystal fiber with high birefringence and low confinement loss based on circular air holes," Appl. Opt. 54, 6140‒6145 (2015)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, S.

S. Li, H. Liu, N. Huang, Q. Sun, "Broadband high birefringence and low dispersion terahertz photonic crystal fiber," J. Opt. 16, (2014)
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

S. Li, H. Liu, N. Huang, Q. Sun, "Broadband high birefringence and low dispersion terahertz photonic crystal fiber," J. Opt. 16, (2014)
[Crossref]

Long-Collins, C.

M. D'Auria, W. J. Otter, J. Hazell, B. T. W. Gillatt, C. Long-Collins, N. M. Ridler, S. Lucyszyn, "3-D printed metal-pipe rectangular waveguides," IEEE Trans. Compon. Packag. Manuf. Technol. 5, 1339‒1349 (2015)
[Crossref]

Lucyszyn, S.

M. D'Auria, W. J. Otter, J. Hazell, B. T. W. Gillatt, C. Long-Collins, N. M. Ridler, S. Lucyszyn, "3-D printed metal-pipe rectangular waveguides," IEEE Trans. Compon. Packag. Manuf. Technol. 5, 1339‒1349 (2015)
[Crossref]

Maeng, I.

S. J. Oh, Y. Hong, K.-Y. Jeong, I. Maeng, J.-S. Suh, J. Yang, Y.-M. Huh, "Characterization of proton-irradiated polyaniline nanoparticles using terahertz thermal spectroscopy," Crystals 11, 765 (2021)
[Crossref]

Y. S. Lee, H. Choi, B. Kim, C. Kang, I. Maeng, S. J. Oh, S. Kim, K. Oh, "Low-loss polytetrafluoroethylene hexagonal porous fiber for terahertz pulse transmission in the 6g mobile communication window," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 69, 4623‒4630 (2021)
[Crossref]

G. Lee, I. Maeng, C. Kang, M.-K. Oh, C.-S. Kee, "Strong polarization-dependent terahertz modulation of aligned Ag nanowires on Si substrate," Opt. Express 26, 13677‒13685 (2018)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Manos, S.

McPhedran, R. C.

Midrio, M.

Mittleman, D. M.

K. Wang, D. M. Mittleman, "Metal wires for terahertz wave guiding," Nature 432, 376‒379 (2004)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Monro, T. M.

S. Atakaramians, S. Afshar V., T. M. Monro, D. Abbott, "Terahertz dielectric waveguides," Adv. Opt. Photonics 5, 169‒215 (2013)
[Crossref]

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, H. N. Rutt, "Extruded single-mode non-silica glass holey optical fibers," Electron. Lett. 38, 546‒547 (2002)
[Crossref]

Moon, K.

Moore, R.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, H. N. Rutt, "Extruded single-mode non-silica glass holey optical fibers," Electron. Lett. 38, 546‒547 (2002)
[Crossref]

Ng, B. W.-H.

J. Sultana, Md. S. Islam, M. Faisal, M. R. Islam, B. W.-H. Ng, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Abbott, "Highly birefringent elliptical core photonic crystal fiber for terahertz application," Opt. Commun. 407, 92‒96 (2018)
[Crossref]

Nicorovici, N. A. P.

Nielsen, K.

Oh, K.

Y. S. Lee, H. Choi, B. Kim, C. Kang, I. Maeng, S. J. Oh, S. Kim, K. Oh, "Low-loss polytetrafluoroethylene hexagonal porous fiber for terahertz pulse transmission in the 6g mobile communication window," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 69, 4623‒4630 (2021)
[Crossref]

K. Oh, U.-C. Paek, Silica Optical Fiber Technology for Devices and Components: Design Fabrication and International Standards .

Oh, M.-K.

Oh, S. J.

S. J. Oh, Y. Hong, K.-Y. Jeong, I. Maeng, J.-S. Suh, J. Yang, Y.-M. Huh, "Characterization of proton-irradiated polyaniline nanoparticles using terahertz thermal spectroscopy," Crystals 11, 765 (2021)
[Crossref]

Y. S. Lee, H. Choi, B. Kim, C. Kang, I. Maeng, S. J. Oh, S. Kim, K. Oh, "Low-loss polytetrafluoroethylene hexagonal porous fiber for terahertz pulse transmission in the 6g mobile communication window," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 69, 4623‒4630 (2021)
[Crossref]

S.-H. Lee, S. Shin, Y. Roh, S. J. Oh, S. H. Lee, H. S. Song, Y.-S. Ryu, Y. K. Kim, M. Seo, "Label-free brain tissue imaging using large-area terahertz metamaterials," Biosens. Bioelectron. 170, (2020)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Otter, W. J.

M. D'Auria, W. J. Otter, J. Hazell, B. T. W. Gillatt, C. Long-Collins, N. M. Ridler, S. Lucyszyn, "3-D printed metal-pipe rectangular waveguides," IEEE Trans. Compon. Packag. Manuf. Technol. 5, 1339‒1349 (2015)
[Crossref]

Ouyang, Z.

S. F. Kaijage, Z. Ouyang, X. Jin, "Porous-core photonic crystal fiber for low loss terahertz wave guiding," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25, 1454‒1457 (2013)
[Crossref]

Paek, U.-C.

K. Oh, U.-C. Paek, Silica Optical Fiber Technology for Devices and Components: Design Fabrication and International Standards .

Park, H.

M. Cho, J. Kim, H. Park, Y. Han, K. Moon, E. Jung, H. Han, "Highly birefringent terahertz polarization maintaining plastic photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 16, 7‒12 (2008)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Han, H. Park, M. Cho, J. Kim, "Terahertz pulse propagation in a plastic photonic crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2634‒2636 (2002)
[Crossref]

Pla, J.

Planken, P. C. M.

Poletti, F.

Putten, L. D. van

Qiao, D.

Y. Zhang, L. Xue, D. Qiao, Z. Guang, "Porous photonic-crystal fiber with near-zero ultra-flattened dispersion and high birefringence for polarization-maintaining terahertz transmission," Optik 207, (2020)
[Crossref]

Rana, S.

G. K. M. Hasanuzzaman, S. Rana, M. S. Habib, "A novel low loss highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber in THz regime," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 899‒902 (2016)
[Crossref]

R. Islam, Md. S. Habib, G. K. M. Hasanuzzaman, S. Rana, M.d. A. Sadath, "Novel porous fiber based on dual-asymmetry for low-loss polarization maintaining THz wave guidance," Opt. Lett. 41, 440‒443 (2016)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rasmussen, H. K.

Razzak, S. M. A.

Reshetov, I. V.

G. M. Katyba, K. I. Zaytsev, N. V. Chernomyrdin, I. A. Shikunova, G. A. Komandin, V. B. Anzin, S. P. Lebedev, I. E. Spektor, V. E. Karasik, S. O. Yurchenko, I. V. Reshetov, V. N. Kurlov, M. Skorobogatiy, "Sapphire photonic crystal waveguides for terahertz sensing in aggressive environments," Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, (2018)
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, H. N. Rutt, "Extruded single-mode non-silica glass holey optical fibers," Electron. Lett. 38, 546‒547 (2002)
[Crossref]

Ridler, N. M.

M. D'Auria, W. J. Otter, J. Hazell, B. T. W. Gillatt, C. Long-Collins, N. M. Ridler, S. Lucyszyn, "3-D printed metal-pipe rectangular waveguides," IEEE Trans. Compon. Packag. Manuf. Technol. 5, 1339‒1349 (2015)
[Crossref]

Roh, Y.

S.-H. Lee, S. Shin, Y. Roh, S. J. Oh, S. H. Lee, H. S. Song, Y.-S. Ryu, Y. K. Kim, M. Seo, "Label-free brain tissue imaging using large-area terahertz metamaterials," Biosens. Bioelectron. 170, (2020)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rutt, H. N.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, H. N. Rutt, "Extruded single-mode non-silica glass holey optical fibers," Electron. Lett. 38, 546‒547 (2002)
[Crossref]

Ryu, Y.-S.

S.-H. Lee, S. Shin, Y. Roh, S. J. Oh, S. H. Lee, H. S. Song, Y.-S. Ryu, Y. K. Kim, M. Seo, "Label-free brain tissue imaging using large-area terahertz metamaterials," Biosens. Bioelectron. 170, (2020)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sadath, M.d. A.

Seo, M.

S.-H. Lee, S. Shin, Y. Roh, S. J. Oh, S. H. Lee, H. S. Song, Y.-S. Ryu, Y. K. Kim, M. Seo, "Label-free brain tissue imaging using large-area terahertz metamaterials," Biosens. Bioelectron. 170, (2020)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shikunova, I. A.

G. M. Katyba, K. I. Zaytsev, N. V. Chernomyrdin, I. A. Shikunova, G. A. Komandin, V. B. Anzin, S. P. Lebedev, I. E. Spektor, V. E. Karasik, S. O. Yurchenko, I. V. Reshetov, V. N. Kurlov, M. Skorobogatiy, "Sapphire photonic crystal waveguides for terahertz sensing in aggressive environments," Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, (2018)
[Crossref]

Shin, S.

S.-H. Lee, S. Shin, Y. Roh, S. J. Oh, S. H. Lee, H. S. Song, Y.-S. Ryu, Y. K. Kim, M. Seo, "Label-free brain tissue imaging using large-area terahertz metamaterials," Biosens. Bioelectron. 170, (2020)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Singh, M. P.

Skorobogatiy, M.

G. M. Katyba, K. I. Zaytsev, N. V. Chernomyrdin, I. A. Shikunova, G. A. Komandin, V. B. Anzin, S. P. Lebedev, I. E. Spektor, V. E. Karasik, S. O. Yurchenko, I. V. Reshetov, V. N. Kurlov, M. Skorobogatiy, "Sapphire photonic crystal waveguides for terahertz sensing in aggressive environments," Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, (2018)
[Crossref]

Someda, C. G.

Song, H. S.

S.-H. Lee, S. Shin, Y. Roh, S. J. Oh, S. H. Lee, H. S. Song, Y.-S. Ryu, Y. K. Kim, M. Seo, "Label-free brain tissue imaging using large-area terahertz metamaterials," Biosens. Bioelectron. 170, (2020)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spektor, I. E.

G. M. Katyba, K. I. Zaytsev, N. V. Chernomyrdin, I. A. Shikunova, G. A. Komandin, V. B. Anzin, S. P. Lebedev, I. E. Spektor, V. E. Karasik, S. O. Yurchenko, I. V. Reshetov, V. N. Kurlov, M. Skorobogatiy, "Sapphire photonic crystal waveguides for terahertz sensing in aggressive environments," Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, (2018)
[Crossref]

Sterke, C. M. de

Suh, J.-S.

S. J. Oh, Y. Hong, K.-Y. Jeong, I. Maeng, J.-S. Suh, J. Yang, Y.-M. Huh, "Characterization of proton-irradiated polyaniline nanoparticles using terahertz thermal spectroscopy," Crystals 11, 765 (2021)
[Crossref]

Sultana, J.

J. Sultana, Md. S. Islam, M. Faisal, M. R. Islam, B. W.-H. Ng, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Abbott, "Highly birefringent elliptical core photonic crystal fiber for terahertz application," Opt. Commun. 407, 92‒96 (2018)
[Crossref]

Sun, Q.

S. Li, H. Liu, N. Huang, Q. Sun, "Broadband high birefringence and low dispersion terahertz photonic crystal fiber," J. Opt. 16, (2014)
[Crossref]

Syhaimi, H.

I. K. Yakasai, P. E. Abas, H. Syhaimi, F. Begum, "Low loss and highly birefringent photonic crystal fibre for terahertz applications," Optik 206, (2020)
[Crossref]

Trevor, D. J.

R. T. Bise, D. J. Trevor, "Sol-gel derived microstructured fiber: fabrication and characterization," in Optical Fiber Communications Conference-OFC (2005)

Tucknott, J.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, H. N. Rutt, "Extruded single-mode non-silica glass holey optical fibers," Electron. Lett. 38, 546‒547 (2002)
[Crossref]

V., S. Afshar

S. Atakaramians, S. Afshar V., T. M. Monro, D. Abbott, "Terahertz dielectric waveguides," Adv. Opt. Photonics 5, 169‒215 (2013)
[Crossref]

Wang, K.

K. Wang, D. M. Mittleman, "Metal wires for terahertz wave guiding," Nature 432, 376‒379 (2004)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xue, L.

Y. Zhang, L. Xue, D. Qiao, Z. Guang, "Porous photonic-crystal fiber with near-zero ultra-flattened dispersion and high birefringence for polarization-maintaining terahertz transmission," Optik 207, (2020)
[Crossref]

Yakasai, I. K.

I. K. Yakasai, P. E. Abas, H. Syhaimi, F. Begum, "Low loss and highly birefringent photonic crystal fibre for terahertz applications," Optik 206, (2020)
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

S. J. Oh, Y. Hong, K.-Y. Jeong, I. Maeng, J.-S. Suh, J. Yang, Y.-M. Huh, "Characterization of proton-irradiated polyaniline nanoparticles using terahertz thermal spectroscopy," Crystals 11, 765 (2021)
[Crossref]

Yilmaz, T.

T. Yilmaz, O. B. Akan, "On the use of low terahertz band for 5G indoor mobile networks," Comput. Electr. Eng. 48, 164‒173 (2015)
[Crossref]

Yurchenko, S. O.

G. M. Katyba, K. I. Zaytsev, N. V. Chernomyrdin, I. A. Shikunova, G. A. Komandin, V. B. Anzin, S. P. Lebedev, I. E. Spektor, V. E. Karasik, S. O. Yurchenko, I. V. Reshetov, V. N. Kurlov, M. Skorobogatiy, "Sapphire photonic crystal waveguides for terahertz sensing in aggressive environments," Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, (2018)
[Crossref]

Zagari, J.

Zaytsev, K. I.

G. M. Katyba, K. I. Zaytsev, N. V. Chernomyrdin, I. A. Shikunova, G. A. Komandin, V. B. Anzin, S. P. Lebedev, I. E. Spektor, V. E. Karasik, S. O. Yurchenko, I. V. Reshetov, V. N. Kurlov, M. Skorobogatiy, "Sapphire photonic crystal waveguides for terahertz sensing in aggressive environments," Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, (2018)
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, L. Xue, D. Qiao, Z. Guang, "Porous photonic-crystal fiber with near-zero ultra-flattened dispersion and high birefringence for polarization-maintaining terahertz transmission," Optik 207, (2020)
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

G. M. Katyba, K. I. Zaytsev, N. V. Chernomyrdin, I. A. Shikunova, G. A. Komandin, V. B. Anzin, S. P. Lebedev, I. E. Spektor, V. E. Karasik, S. O. Yurchenko, I. V. Reshetov, V. N. Kurlov, M. Skorobogatiy, "Sapphire photonic crystal waveguides for terahertz sensing in aggressive environments," Adv. Opt. Mater. 6, (2018)
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

S. Atakaramians, S. Afshar V., T. M. Monro, D. Abbott, "Terahertz dielectric waveguides," Adv. Opt. Photonics 5, 169‒215 (2013)
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Han, H. Park, M. Cho, J. Kim, "Terahertz pulse propagation in a plastic photonic crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2634‒2636 (2002)
[Crossref]

Biosens. Bioelectron. (1)

S.-H. Lee, S. Shin, Y. Roh, S. J. Oh, S. H. Lee, H. S. Song, Y.-S. Ryu, Y. K. Kim, M. Seo, "Label-free brain tissue imaging using large-area terahertz metamaterials," Biosens. Bioelectron. 170, (2020)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Comput. Electr. Eng. (1)

T. Yilmaz, O. B. Akan, "On the use of low terahertz band for 5G indoor mobile networks," Comput. Electr. Eng. 48, 164‒173 (2015)
[Crossref]

Crystals (1)

S. J. Oh, Y. Hong, K.-Y. Jeong, I. Maeng, J.-S. Suh, J. Yang, Y.-M. Huh, "Characterization of proton-irradiated polyaniline nanoparticles using terahertz thermal spectroscopy," Crystals 11, 765 (2021)
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, H. N. Rutt, "Extruded single-mode non-silica glass holey optical fibers," Electron. Lett. 38, 546‒547 (2002)
[Crossref]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

R. Kaur, M. Islam, P. C. Agarwal, S. Kaur, G. Kumar, "Terahertz surface plasmons propagation in semiconducting parallel plates waveguide configuration," Europhys. Lett. 134, (2021)
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

G. K. M. Hasanuzzaman, S. Rana, M. S. Habib, "A novel low loss highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber in THz regime," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 899‒902 (2016)
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

S. F. Kaijage, Z. Ouyang, X. Jin, "Porous-core photonic crystal fiber for low loss terahertz wave guiding," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25, 1454‒1457 (2013)
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Compon. Packag. Manuf. Technol. (1)

M. D'Auria, W. J. Otter, J. Hazell, B. T. W. Gillatt, C. Long-Collins, N. M. Ridler, S. Lucyszyn, "3-D printed metal-pipe rectangular waveguides," IEEE Trans. Compon. Packag. Manuf. Technol. 5, 1339‒1349 (2015)
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

Y. S. Lee, H. Choi, B. Kim, C. Kang, I. Maeng, S. J. Oh, S. Kim, K. Oh, "Low-loss polytetrafluoroethylene hexagonal porous fiber for terahertz pulse transmission in the 6g mobile communication window," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 69, 4623‒4630 (2021)
[Crossref]

in Optical Fiber Communications Conference-OFC (1)

R. T. Bise, D. J. Trevor, "Sol-gel derived microstructured fiber: fabrication and characterization," in Optical Fiber Communications Conference-OFC (2005)

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. (1)

S. Li, H. Liu, N. Huang, Q. Sun, "Broadband high birefringence and low dispersion terahertz photonic crystal fiber," J. Opt. 16, (2014)
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

K. Wang, D. M. Mittleman, "Metal wires for terahertz wave guiding," Nature 432, 376‒379 (2004)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Sultana, Md. S. Islam, M. Faisal, M. R. Islam, B. W.-H. Ng, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Abbott, "Highly birefringent elliptical core photonic crystal fiber for terahertz application," Opt. Commun. 407, 92‒96 (2018)
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

M. A. Habib, M. S. Anower, "Design and numerical analysis of highly birefringent single mode fiber in THz regime," Opt. Fiber Technol. 47, 197‒203 (2019)
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Optik (2)

Y. Zhang, L. Xue, D. Qiao, Z. Guang, "Porous photonic-crystal fiber with near-zero ultra-flattened dispersion and high birefringence for polarization-maintaining terahertz transmission," Optik 207, (2020)
[Crossref]

I. K. Yakasai, P. E. Abas, H. Syhaimi, F. Begum, "Low loss and highly birefringent photonic crystal fibre for terahertz applications," Optik 206, (2020)
[Crossref]

Other (1)

K. Oh, U.-C. Paek, Silica Optical Fiber Technology for Devices and Components: Design Fabrication and International Standards .

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