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Ultrahigh Birefringence and Extremely Low Loss Slotted-core Microstructure Fiber in Terahertz Regime

Open Access Open Access

Abstract

A novel slotted-core hexagonal photonic crystal fiber (PCF) for terahertz (THz) wave guiding is proposed in this paper. A trade-off managed between effective material loss (EML) and birefringence for efficient guidance of THz waves is illustrated in this article. The rectangular slot shaped air-holes break the symmetry of the porous-core which offers ultra-high birefringence of 8.8×10-2. The proposed structure offers low bending loss of 1.07×10-34 cm-1 and extremely low effective material loss (EML) of 0.035 cm-1 at an operating frequency of 1.0 THz. In addition other guiding properties such as power fraction, dispersion and confinement loss are also discussed. The proposed THz waveguide can be effectively used for convenient transmission of THz waves.

© 2017 Optical Society of Korea

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  7. M. Skorobogatiy, A. Dupuis, "Ferroelectric all-polymer hollow Bragg fibers for terahertz guidance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 113514 (2007)
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  15. R. Islam, S. Rana, R. Ahmad, S. F. Kaijage, "Bend-insensitive and low-loss porous core spiral terahertz fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 2242‒2245 (2015)
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  17. K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, H. N. Rutt, "Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 38, 546‒547 (2002)
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2016 (1)

2015 (3)

R. Islam, M. S. Habib, G. K. M. Hasanuzzaman, R. Ahmad, S. Rana, S. F. Kaijage, "Extremely high birefringent asymmetric slotted core photonic crystal fiber in THz regime," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 2222‒2225 (2015)
[Crossref]

R. Islam, S. Rana, R. Ahmad, S. F. Kaijage, "Bend-insensitive and low-loss porous core spiral terahertz fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 2242‒2245 (2015)
[Crossref]

K. I. Zaytsev, K. G. Kudrin, V. E. Karasik, I. V. Reshetov, S. O. Yurchenko, "In vivo terahertz spectroscopy of pigmentary skin nevi: pilot study of non-invasive early diagnosis of dysplasia," Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 053702 (2015)
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

2012 (2)

S. E. Kim, B. H. Kim, C. G. Lee, S. Lee, K. Oh, C. S. Kee, "Elliptical defected core photonic crystal fiber with high birefringence and negative flattened dispersion," Opt. Express 20, 1385‒1391 (2012)
[Crossref]

M. Uthman, B. M. A. Rahman, N. Kejalakshmy, A. Agrawal, K. T. V. Grattan, "Design and characterization of low-loss porous-core photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. J. 4, 2315‒2325 (2012)
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

A. Hassani, A. Dupuis, M. Skorobogatiy, "Low loss porous terahertz fibers containing multiple sub wavelength holes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071101 (2008)
[Crossref]

A. Hassani, A. Dupuis, M. Skorobogatiy, "Porous polymer fibers for low-loss terahertz guiding," Opt. Exp. 16, 6340‒6351 (2008)
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

B. Bowden, J. A. Harrington, O. Mitrofanov, "Silver/polystyrene-coated hollow glass waveguides for the transmission of terahertz radiation," Opt. Lett. 32, 2945‒2947 (2007)
[Crossref]

M. Skorobogatiy, A. Dupuis, "Ferroelectric all-polymer hollow Bragg fibers for terahertz guidance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 113514 (2007)
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

K. Wang, D. M. Mittleman, "Metal wires for terahertz wave guiding," Nat. 432, 376‒379 (2004)
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, H. N. Rutt, "Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 38, 546‒547 (2002)
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

Agrawal, A.

M. Uthman, B. M. A. Rahman, N. Kejalakshmy, A. Agrawal, K. T. V. Grattan, "Design and characterization of low-loss porous-core photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. J. 4, 2315‒2325 (2012)
[Crossref]

Ahmad, R.

R. Islam, M. S. Habib, G. K. M. Hasanuzzaman, R. Ahmad, S. Rana, S. F. Kaijage, "Extremely high birefringent asymmetric slotted core photonic crystal fiber in THz regime," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 2222‒2225 (2015)
[Crossref]

R. Islam, S. Rana, R. Ahmad, S. F. Kaijage, "Bend-insensitive and low-loss porous core spiral terahertz fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 2242‒2245 (2015)
[Crossref]

Anower, M. S.

M. R. Hasan, M. S. Anower, M. I. Hasan, S. M. A. Razzak, "Polarization maintaining low-loss slotted core kagome THz fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.
[Crossref]

Bowden, B.

Chen, D. R.

Chen, N.

Chen, N. N.

J. Liang, L. Y. Ren, N. N. Chen, C. H. Zhou, "Broadband low-loss dispersion flattened porous-core photonic bandgap fiber for terahertz (THz)-wave propagation," Opt. Commun. 295, 257‒261 (2013)
[Crossref]

Chen, Q.

Dupuis, A.

A. Hassani, A. Dupuis, M. Skorobogatiy, "Porous polymer fibers for low-loss terahertz guiding," Opt. Exp. 16, 6340‒6351 (2008)
[Crossref]

A. Hassani, A. Dupuis, M. Skorobogatiy, "Low loss porous terahertz fibers containing multiple sub wavelength holes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071101 (2008)
[Crossref]

M. Skorobogatiy, A. Dupuis, "Ferroelectric all-polymer hollow Bragg fibers for terahertz guidance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 113514 (2007)
[Crossref]

Frampton, K.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, H. N. Rutt, "Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 38, 546‒547 (2002)
[Crossref]

Grattan, K. T. V.

M. Uthman, B. M. A. Rahman, N. Kejalakshmy, A. Agrawal, K. T. V. Grattan, "Design and characterization of low-loss porous-core photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. J. 4, 2315‒2325 (2012)
[Crossref]

Habib, M. S.

R. Islam, M. S. Habib, G. K. M. Hasanuzzaman, S. Rana, M. A. Sadath, "Novel porous fiber based on dual-asymmetry for low-loss polarization maintaining THz wave guidance," Opt. Lett. 41, 440‒443 (2016)
[Crossref]

R. Islam, M. S. Habib, G. K. M. Hasanuzzaman, R. Ahmad, S. Rana, S. F. Kaijage, "Extremely high birefringent asymmetric slotted core photonic crystal fiber in THz regime," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 2222‒2225 (2015)
[Crossref]

Harrington, J. A.

Hasan, M. I.

M. R. Hasan, M. S. Anower, M. I. Hasan, S. M. A. Razzak, "Polarization maintaining low-loss slotted core kagome THz fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.
[Crossref]

Hasan, M. R.

M. R. Hasan, M. S. Anower, M. I. Hasan, S. M. A. Razzak, "Polarization maintaining low-loss slotted core kagome THz fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.
[Crossref]

Hasanuzzaman, G. K. M.

R. Islam, M. S. Habib, G. K. M. Hasanuzzaman, S. Rana, M. A. Sadath, "Novel porous fiber based on dual-asymmetry for low-loss polarization maintaining THz wave guidance," Opt. Lett. 41, 440‒443 (2016)
[Crossref]

R. Islam, M. S. Habib, G. K. M. Hasanuzzaman, R. Ahmad, S. Rana, S. F. Kaijage, "Extremely high birefringent asymmetric slotted core photonic crystal fiber in THz regime," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 2222‒2225 (2015)
[Crossref]

Hassani, A.

A. Hassani, A. Dupuis, M. Skorobogatiy, "Low loss porous terahertz fibers containing multiple sub wavelength holes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071101 (2008)
[Crossref]

A. Hassani, A. Dupuis, M. Skorobogatiy, "Porous polymer fibers for low-loss terahertz guiding," Opt. Exp. 16, 6340‒6351 (2008)
[Crossref]

Hewak, D. W.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, H. N. Rutt, "Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 38, 546‒547 (2002)
[Crossref]

Hu, G. F.

Islam, R.

R. Islam, M. S. Habib, G. K. M. Hasanuzzaman, S. Rana, M. A. Sadath, "Novel porous fiber based on dual-asymmetry for low-loss polarization maintaining THz wave guidance," Opt. Lett. 41, 440‒443 (2016)
[Crossref]

R. Islam, M. S. Habib, G. K. M. Hasanuzzaman, R. Ahmad, S. Rana, S. F. Kaijage, "Extremely high birefringent asymmetric slotted core photonic crystal fiber in THz regime," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 2222‒2225 (2015)
[Crossref]

R. Islam, S. Rana, R. Ahmad, S. F. Kaijage, "Bend-insensitive and low-loss porous core spiral terahertz fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 2242‒2245 (2015)
[Crossref]

Jiang, X. G.

Jiang, Z.

Kaijage, S. F.

R. Islam, S. Rana, R. Ahmad, S. F. Kaijage, "Bend-insensitive and low-loss porous core spiral terahertz fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 2242‒2245 (2015)
[Crossref]

R. Islam, M. S. Habib, G. K. M. Hasanuzzaman, R. Ahmad, S. Rana, S. F. Kaijage, "Extremely high birefringent asymmetric slotted core photonic crystal fiber in THz regime," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 2222‒2225 (2015)
[Crossref]

Karasik, V. E.

K. I. Zaytsev, K. G. Kudrin, V. E. Karasik, I. V. Reshetov, S. O. Yurchenko, "In vivo terahertz spectroscopy of pigmentary skin nevi: pilot study of non-invasive early diagnosis of dysplasia," Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 053702 (2015)
[Crossref]

Kee, C. S.

Kejalakshmy, N.

M. Uthman, B. M. A. Rahman, N. Kejalakshmy, A. Agrawal, K. T. V. Grattan, "Design and characterization of low-loss porous-core photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. J. 4, 2315‒2325 (2012)
[Crossref]

Kiang, K. M.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, H. N. Rutt, "Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 38, 546‒547 (2002)
[Crossref]

Kim, B. H.

Kim, S. E.

Kudrin, K. G.

K. I. Zaytsev, K. G. Kudrin, V. E. Karasik, I. V. Reshetov, S. O. Yurchenko, "In vivo terahertz spectroscopy of pigmentary skin nevi: pilot study of non-invasive early diagnosis of dysplasia," Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 053702 (2015)
[Crossref]

Lee, C. G.

Lee, S.

Liang, J.

J. Liang, L. Y. Ren, N. N. Chen, C. H. Zhou, "Broadband low-loss dispersion flattened porous-core photonic bandgap fiber for terahertz (THz)-wave propagation," Opt. Commun. 295, 257‒261 (2013)
[Crossref]

Liangand, J.

Mitrofanov, O.

Mittleman, D. M.

K. Wang, D. M. Mittleman, "Metal wires for terahertz wave guiding," Nat. 432, 376‒379 (2004)
[Crossref]

Monro, T. M.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, H. N. Rutt, "Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 38, 546‒547 (2002)
[Crossref]

Moore, R.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, H. N. Rutt, "Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 38, 546‒547 (2002)
[Crossref]

Oh, K.

Rahman, B. M. A.

M. Uthman, B. M. A. Rahman, N. Kejalakshmy, A. Agrawal, K. T. V. Grattan, "Design and characterization of low-loss porous-core photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. J. 4, 2315‒2325 (2012)
[Crossref]

Rana, S.

R. Islam, M. S. Habib, G. K. M. Hasanuzzaman, S. Rana, M. A. Sadath, "Novel porous fiber based on dual-asymmetry for low-loss polarization maintaining THz wave guidance," Opt. Lett. 41, 440‒443 (2016)
[Crossref]

R. Islam, M. S. Habib, G. K. M. Hasanuzzaman, R. Ahmad, S. Rana, S. F. Kaijage, "Extremely high birefringent asymmetric slotted core photonic crystal fiber in THz regime," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 2222‒2225 (2015)
[Crossref]

R. Islam, S. Rana, R. Ahmad, S. F. Kaijage, "Bend-insensitive and low-loss porous core spiral terahertz fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 2242‒2245 (2015)
[Crossref]

Razzak, S. M. A.

M. R. Hasan, M. S. Anower, M. I. Hasan, S. M. A. Razzak, "Polarization maintaining low-loss slotted core kagome THz fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.
[Crossref]

Ren, L.

Ren, L. Y.

J. Liang, L. Y. Ren, N. N. Chen, C. H. Zhou, "Broadband low-loss dispersion flattened porous-core photonic bandgap fiber for terahertz (THz)-wave propagation," Opt. Commun. 295, 257‒261 (2013)
[Crossref]

Reshetov, I. V.

K. I. Zaytsev, K. G. Kudrin, V. E. Karasik, I. V. Reshetov, S. O. Yurchenko, "In vivo terahertz spectroscopy of pigmentary skin nevi: pilot study of non-invasive early diagnosis of dysplasia," Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 053702 (2015)
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, H. N. Rutt, "Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 38, 546‒547 (2002)
[Crossref]

Rutt, H. N.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, H. N. Rutt, "Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 38, 546‒547 (2002)
[Crossref]

Sadath, M. A.

Skorobogatiy, M.

A. Hassani, A. Dupuis, M. Skorobogatiy, "Low loss porous terahertz fibers containing multiple sub wavelength holes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071101 (2008)
[Crossref]

A. Hassani, A. Dupuis, M. Skorobogatiy, "Porous polymer fibers for low-loss terahertz guiding," Opt. Exp. 16, 6340‒6351 (2008)
[Crossref]

M. Skorobogatiy, A. Dupuis, "Ferroelectric all-polymer hollow Bragg fibers for terahertz guidance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 113514 (2007)
[Crossref]

Tucknott, J.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, H. N. Rutt, "Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 38, 546‒547 (2002)
[Crossref]

Uthman, M.

M. Uthman, B. M. A. Rahman, N. Kejalakshmy, A. Agrawal, K. T. V. Grattan, "Design and characterization of low-loss porous-core photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. J. 4, 2315‒2325 (2012)
[Crossref]

Wang, K.

K. Wang, D. M. Mittleman, "Metal wires for terahertz wave guiding," Nat. 432, 376‒379 (2004)
[Crossref]

Xu, G. X.

Yurchenko, S. O.

K. I. Zaytsev, K. G. Kudrin, V. E. Karasik, I. V. Reshetov, S. O. Yurchenko, "In vivo terahertz spectroscopy of pigmentary skin nevi: pilot study of non-invasive early diagnosis of dysplasia," Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 053702 (2015)
[Crossref]

Zaytsev, K. I.

K. I. Zaytsev, K. G. Kudrin, V. E. Karasik, I. V. Reshetov, S. O. Yurchenko, "In vivo terahertz spectroscopy of pigmentary skin nevi: pilot study of non-invasive early diagnosis of dysplasia," Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 053702 (2015)
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. C.

Zhou, C. H.

J. Liang, L. Y. Ren, N. N. Chen, C. H. Zhou, "Broadband low-loss dispersion flattened porous-core photonic bandgap fiber for terahertz (THz)-wave propagation," Opt. Commun. 295, 257‒261 (2013)
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

K. I. Zaytsev, K. G. Kudrin, V. E. Karasik, I. V. Reshetov, S. O. Yurchenko, "In vivo terahertz spectroscopy of pigmentary skin nevi: pilot study of non-invasive early diagnosis of dysplasia," Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 053702 (2015)
[Crossref]

M. Skorobogatiy, A. Dupuis, "Ferroelectric all-polymer hollow Bragg fibers for terahertz guidance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 113514 (2007)
[Crossref]

A. Hassani, A. Dupuis, M. Skorobogatiy, "Low loss porous terahertz fibers containing multiple sub wavelength holes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071101 (2008)
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, H. N. Rutt, "Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 38, 546‒547 (2002)
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

M. Uthman, B. M. A. Rahman, N. Kejalakshmy, A. Agrawal, K. T. V. Grattan, "Design and characterization of low-loss porous-core photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. J. 4, 2315‒2325 (2012)
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

R. Islam, M. S. Habib, G. K. M. Hasanuzzaman, R. Ahmad, S. Rana, S. F. Kaijage, "Extremely high birefringent asymmetric slotted core photonic crystal fiber in THz regime," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 2222‒2225 (2015)
[Crossref]

M. R. Hasan, M. S. Anower, M. I. Hasan, S. M. A. Razzak, "Polarization maintaining low-loss slotted core kagome THz fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.
[Crossref]

R. Islam, S. Rana, R. Ahmad, S. F. Kaijage, "Bend-insensitive and low-loss porous core spiral terahertz fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 2242‒2245 (2015)
[Crossref]

Nat. (1)

K. Wang, D. M. Mittleman, "Metal wires for terahertz wave guiding," Nat. 432, 376‒379 (2004)
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Liang, L. Y. Ren, N. N. Chen, C. H. Zhou, "Broadband low-loss dispersion flattened porous-core photonic bandgap fiber for terahertz (THz)-wave propagation," Opt. Commun. 295, 257‒261 (2013)
[Crossref]

Opt. Exp. (1)

A. Hassani, A. Dupuis, M. Skorobogatiy, "Porous polymer fibers for low-loss terahertz guiding," Opt. Exp. 16, 6340‒6351 (2008)
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

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